People with a mental illness discriminated against when looking for work and when employed
Wednesday, Feb 3, 2016, 07:05 PM | Source: The Conversation
By Nicola Reavley
People with a mental illness discriminated against when looking for work and when employedNicola J Reavley, University of Melbourne
A survey of people with mental illness has found more reports of discrimination than positive treatment while they were looking for work.
In the survey, 1386 people with diagnosed mental illness were asked about how they had been treated by various people including people in the workplace and educational institutions, friends, partners and other family members.
For most people and situations, being treated positively was more common than discrimination or avoidance. However, for people looking for work or in situations involving the legal system, banking or insurance, discrimination was more common.
Over half of people surveyed said that they had not been hired because of their mental illness. Survey participants mentioned negative responses after disclosing their mental illness:
"Once they heard that word that's it. Sometimes I think it's worse than telling them you've been in jail. Once you mention that their face changes and their body language changes and you know you won't get the job".
"I applied for a government job and they said the mental state wasn't quite what they were looking for."
The survey also asked participants about their experiences when they were employed. Among these 992 people, 11% reported being avoided, 14% reported being discriminated against and 24% reported being treated more positively.
The most common types of discrimination included having their illness treated dismissively or being shown a lack of understanding about how mental health problems affect behaviour and work performance.
"The HR manager doesn't view it as an illness, views it as an attitude problem…"
" They put me down and laugh at it, they don't believe in it."
Other common experiences included being forced to change responsibilities or being denied opportunities, being fired or made redundant and being judged or treated as incompetent.
"A lot of people treat you like you're completely and utterly a different person like they'll slow things down for you and not in a positive way, like in a demeaning way, as if you're a burden."
The results weren't all bad however, 25% of participants in the survey who were employed reported positive treatment. The most common positive experiences were being given flexible duties or hours worked, being allowed time off, having colleagues increase contact with them and encouragement to seek professional help.
Most research on negative attitudes towards mental illness focuses on asking people about their attitudes to people with mental illness. Studies exploring peoples' experiences of discrimination are much less common and have tended to focus on one specific disorder or have only asked very brief questions.
The survey findings highlight the need to better support people with mental health problems who are looking for work, whether this is in supporting them to overcome anticipated discrimination or in other ways that support vocational rehabilitation, including education of employers. A recent review of workplace anti-stigma interventions found that effects were mixed, but generally positive.
This story is part of a series on mental illness and the workplace.