I am trying to understand the thermal-mechanical evolution of the Earth through geological time. This includes the fundamental question of how convective heat loss from the deep Earth is expressed mechanically as plate tectonics, the role of continents in the modulating this expression, the interaction between processes on this planetary scale with instabilities at the lithospheric scale — whether rheological or mechanical in nature, the influence of atmospheric feedbacks on the solid earth, and the signatures of all these processes that we can expect to find through geophysical observation of the present day Earth, and in the long-term geological record.
Much of the complexity in the surface expression of mantle flow can be attributed to the non-linear nature of the constitutive laws. The Earth, on geological timescales, behaves as a non-linear viscoelastic fluid with a finite strength due to small-scale processes such as faulting and ductile shear localization which can be treated through the theory of plasticity. The underlying processes which we treat in this manner introduce complexity in that they introduce a significant dependence on the stress, strain, and thermal histories of the fluid representation. Plasticity is typically a phenomenological description of the material response to stresses and is cast in terms of the stress state of the material (from which the motions follow); in the Earth, stresses are less well known than the kinematics and much is likely to be learned from plasticity models which are founded on the kinematics of surface motions. My principal tool for these investigations is numerical modelling. In our discipline we face the combined challenges of efficient computation at a large scale, multiple scales of interacting physics, enormous variations in material properties in space and time, and history dependence of rheology. These challenges demand the development of suitable computational methods and very fast, robust numerical solution techniques. My contribution has been the development of particle based finite element methods and multigrid solvers which are robust in the face of very large viscosity contrasts. I am a firm believer in the open-source distribution of software as a mechanism for advancing the baseline of competency in computational modelling in the discipline as a whole. Open source promotes the development of self-supporting communities of practice and the broadest possible sharing of expertise. My own software (Citcom, Ellipsis, Underworld) has all been released under open source licence to the community and grown through collaborative efforts.
Find out more about Louis Moresi's experience
Louis Moresi's highlights
Louis Moresi's selected work
Arc Research Hub For Basin Geodynamics And Evolution Of Sedimentary Systems (Genesis)
Displaying the 10 most recent projects by Louis Moresi.
Displaying the 158 most recent scholarly works by Louis Moresi.
Intermediate-Depth Earthquakes Controlled by Incoming Plate Hydration Along Bending-Related Faults
Yuval Boneh, Emily Schottenfels, Kevin Kwong, Iris van Zelst, Xinyue Tong, Melody Eimer, Meghan S Miller, Louis Moresi, Jessica M Warren, Douglas A Wiens, Magali Billen, John Naliboff, Zhongwen Zhan
Journal article | 2019 | Geophysical Research Letters
UWGeodynamics: A teaching and research tool for numerical geodynamic modelling
Romain Beucher, Louis Moresi, Julian Giordani, John Mansour, Dan Sandiford, Rebecca Farrington, Luke Mondy, Claire Mallard, Patrice Rey, Guillaume Duclaux, Owen Kaluza, Arijit Laik, Sara Morón
Journal article | 2019 | Journal of Open Source Software
Multidisciplinary Constraints on the Abundance of Diamond and Eclogite in the Cratonic Lithosphere
Joshua M Garber, Satish Maurya, Jean-Alexis Hernandez, Megan S Duncan, Li Zeng, Hongluo L Zhang, Ulrich Faul, Catherine McCammon, Jean-Paul Montagner, Louis Moresi, Barbara A Romanowicz, Roberta L Rudnick, Lars Stixrude
Journal article | 2018 | Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
The influence of carbonate platform interactions with subduction zone volcanism on palaeo-atmospheric CO2 since the Devonian
Jodie Pall, Sabin Zahirovic, Sebastiano Doss, Rakib Hassan, Kara J Matthews, John Cannon, Michael Gurnis, Louis Moresi, Adrian Lenardic, R Dietmar Mueller
Journal article | 2018 | Climate of the Past
A model comparison study of large-scale mantle-lithosphere dynamics driven by subduction
Mark OzBench, Klaus Regenauer-Lieb, Dave R Stegman, Gabriel Morra, Rebecca Farrington, Alina Hale, Dave A May, Justin Freeman, Laurent Bourgouin, Hans Muehlhaus, Louis Moresi
Journal article | 2008 | Physics of Earth and Planetary Interiors
Tectonic and Thermal Evolution of Venus and the Role of Volatiles: Implications for Understanding the Terrestrial Planets
Suzanne E Smrekar, Linda Elkins-Tanton, Johannes J Leitner, Adrian Lenardic, Steve Mackwell, Louis Moresi, Christophe Sotin, Ellen R Stofan
Book Chapter | 2007 | Geophysical Monograph
Mantle convection modeling with viscoelastic/brittle lithosphere: Numerical and computational methodology
L Moresi, D May, J Freeman, B Appelbe
Journal article | 2003 | Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Arc volcanism, carbonate platform evolution and palaeo-atmospheric CO2: Components and interactions in the deep carbon cycle
Jodie Pall, Sabin Zahirovic, Sebastiano Doss, Rakib Hassan, Kara J Matthews, John Cannon, Michael Gurnis, Louis Moresi, Adrian Lenardic, R Dietmar Müller
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) liberated at arc volcanoes that inters..
Displaying the 2 most recent news articles by Louis Moresi.