ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN URBAN NATURE AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK
Grant number: 1121035 | Funding period: 2017 - 2020
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Australia. Urban nature (e.g. greenness, water, species diversity) is likely to protect against CVD, yet researchers lack knowledge about how this occurs. This project will develop new methods to measure urban nature and examine the relationships with different CVD risk factors (e.g. physical activity, air quality). The results of this project will inform urban planning policy, and help to create healthy cities that reduce CVD.
Related publications (47)
Associations between coastal proximity and children's mental health in Australia
Laura H Oostenbach, Jennifer Noall, Karen E Lamb, Amber L Pearson, Suzanne Mavoa, Lukar E Thornton
Limited research has explored associations between blue spaces and mental health, specifically in children. This study assessed li..
Children's physical activity and active travel: a cross-sectional study of activity spaces, sociodemographic and neighborhood associations
Kamyar Hasanzadeh, Erika Ikeda, Suzanne Mavoa, Melody Smith
Measures of individual mobility, such as activity space, have been previously used to help improve our understanding of individual..
Outdoor public recreation spaces and social connectedness among adolescents
Elise Rivera, Jenny Veitch, Venurs HY Loh, Jo Salmon, Ester Cerin, Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Villanueva, Anna Timperio
BACKGROUND: Outdoor public recreation spaces are important settings for leisure and physical activity. Adolescents' use of these s..
Parental Preconception Exposures to Outdoor Neighbourhood Environments and Adverse Birth Outcomes: A Protocol for a Scoping Review and Evidence Map
Suzanne Mavoa, Daniel Keevers, Stefan C Kane, Melissa Wake, Rachel Tham, Kate Lycett, Yen Ting Wong, Katherine Chong
Parental preconception exposures to built and natural outdoor environments could influence pregnancy and birth outcomes either dir..
Backyard benefits? A cross-sectional study of yard size and greenness and children's physical activity and outdoor play
Jessica Oakley, Rachel L Peters, Melissa Wake, Anneke C Grobler, Jessica A Kerr, Kate Lycett, Raisa Cassim, Melissa Russell, Cong Sun, Mimi LK Tang, Jennifer J Koplin, Suzanne Mavoa
BACKGROUND: The home environment is the most important location in young children's lives, yet few studies have examined the relat..
Neighborhood environmental attributes and walking mobility decline: A longitudinal ecological study of mid-to-older aged Australian adults
Takemi Sugiyama, Masaaki Sugiyama, Suzanne Mavoa, Anthony Barnett, Md Kamruzzaman, Gavin Turrell
OBJECTIVES: Cross-sectional studies have found some built environmental attributes to be associated with residents' lower levels o..
Associations between residential greenness and self-reported heart disease in Sri Lankan men: A cross-sectional study
J Padmaka Silva, Ankur Singh, Brian Oldenburg, Wasantha Gunathunga, AMAAP Alagiyawanna, Suzanne Mavoa
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are major contributors to morbidity and mortality in lower-middle-income countries (LMICs). Feature..
Neighbourhood walkability and physical activity: moderating role of a physical activity intervention in overweight and obese older adults with metabolic syndrome
Antoni Colom, Suzanne Mavoa, Maurici Ruiz, Julia Warnberg, Josep Muncunill, Jadwiga Konieczna, Guillem Vich, Francisco Javier Baron-Lopez, Montserrat Fito, Jordi Salas-Salvado, Dora Romaguera
BACKGROUND: While urban built environments might promote active ageing, an infrequently studied question is how the neighbourhood ..
Objective measurement of children's physical activity geographies: A systematic search and scoping review
Melody Smith, Jianqiang Cui, Erika Ikeda, Suzanne Mavoa, Kamyar Hasanzadeh, Jinfeng Zhao, Tiina E nee Laatikainen Rinne, Niamh Donnellan, Marketta Kytta
This study aimed to systematically identify, map out, and describe geographical information systems (GIS)-based approaches that ha..
The Impact of Built and Social Environmental Characteristics on Diagnosed and Estimated Future Risk of Dementia
Nasser Bagheri, Suzanne Mavoa, Hossein Tabatabaei-Jafari, Luke D Knibbs, Neil T Coffee, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Kaarin J Anstey
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a major global health challenge and the impact of built and social environments' characteristics on dement..
Associations detected between measures of neighborhood environmental conditions and human microbiome diversity
Amber L Pearson, Jennifer Pechal, Zihan Lin, M Eric Benbow, Carl Schmidt, Suzanne Mavoa
While emerging research suggests urban green space revegetation increases soil microbiota diversity and native plant species affec..
Built environment correlates of objectively-measured sedentary behaviours in densely-populated areas
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Sayaka Kurosawa, Akitomo Yasunaga, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Tomoki Nakaya, Suzanne Mavoa, Gavin R McCormack, Koichiro Oka
Few studies examine associations between objectively-calculated neighbourhood built environment attributes and objectively-assesse..
Keeping kids safe for active travel to school: A mixed method examination of school policies and practices and children's school travel behaviour
Erika Ikeda, Suzanne Mavoa, Alana Cavadino, Penelope Carroll, Erica Hinckson, Karen Witten, Melody Smith
Active school travel contributes to children's physical, mental and social wellbeing. The prevalence of children's active school t..
The Association between Green Space and Adolescents' Mental Well-Being: A Systematic Review
Yijun Zhang, Suzanne Mavoa, Jinfeng Zhao, Deborah Raphael, Melody Smith
This systematic review summarised and evaluated the evidence for associations between green space and adolescents' mental well-bei..
Residential vs school neighborhoods: Associations with physical activity among adolescents
Venurs HY Loh, Jenny Veitch, Jo Salmon, Ester Cerin, Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Villanueva, Anna Timperio
Adolescents have the potential to be active in multiple places across weekdays and weekends. While the built environment features ..
An integrated conceptual model of environmental needs for New Zealand children's active travel to school
Melody Smith, Erika Ikeda, Greer Hawley, Suzanne Mavoa, Jamie Hosking, Victoria Egli, Jinfeng Zhao, Lisa Mackay, Niamh Donnellan, Rebecca Amann, Hamish Mackie, Karen Witten
Introduction: Active school travel (AST) is important for child and environmental health. In New Zealand, AST has declined over re..
Environmental mismatch: Do associations between the built environment and physical activity among youth depend on concordance with perceptions?
Venurs Loh, Jenny Veitch, Jo Salmon, Ester Cerin, Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Villanueva, Anna Timperio
Without accurate awareness of features within the built environment, the availability of a supportive built environment alone may ..
Built environment and physical activity among adolescents: the moderating effects of neighborhood safety and social support
Venurs HY Loh, Jenny Veitch, Jo Salmon, Ester Cerin, Lukar Thornton, Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Villanueva, Anna Timperio
BACKGROUND: Increasing emphasis has been placed on improving physical activity levels through multilevel interventions. This study..
Walking for transportation and built environment in Sao Paulo city, Brazil
Alex Antonio Florindo, Joao Paulo dos Anjos Souza Barbosa, Ligia Vizeu Barrozo, Douglas Roque Andrade, Breno Souza de Aguiar, Marcelo Antunes Failla, Lucy Gunn, Suzanne Mavoa, Gavin Turrell, Moises Goldbaum
Objective: To describe the profile of adults who walk for transportation in Sao Paulo city, and to explore the built environment f..
The 2019 report of the MJA-Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: a turbulent year with mixed progress
Paul J Beggs, Ying Zhang, Hilary Bambrick, Helen L Berry, Martina K Linnenluecke, Stefan Trueck, Peng Bi, Sinead M Boylan, Donna Green, Yuming Guo, Ivan C Hanigan, Fay H Johnston, Diana L Madden, Arunima Malik, Geoffrey G Morgan, Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick, Lucie Rychetnik, Mark Stevenson, Nick Watts, Anthony G Capon
The MJA-Lancet Countdown on health and climate change was established in 2017 and produced its first Australian national assessmen..
Natural neighbourhood environments and the emotional health of urban New Zealand adolescents
Suzanne Mavoa, Mathijs Lucassen, Simon Denny, Jennifer Utter, Terryann Clark, Melody Smith
Natural environments – green spaces, blue spaces (such as lakes, rivers and beaches), and biodiversity – have potential health ben..
Neighborhood walkability and 12-year changes in cardio-metabolic risk: the mediating role of physical activity
Manoj Chandrabose, Ester Cerin, Suzanne Mavoa, David Dunstan, Alison Carver, Gavin Turrell, Neville Owen, Billie Giles-Corti, Takemi Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Living in walkable neighborhoods may provide long-term cardio-metabolic health benefits to residents. Little empirical..
Evidence for the 'safety in density' effect for cyclists: validation of agent-based modelling results
Jason Hugh Thompson, Jasper S Wijnands, Suzanne Mavoa, Katherine Scully, Mark R Stevenson
The safety in numbers (SiN) effect for cyclists is widely observed but remains poorly understood. Although most studies investigat..
A Systematic Review Protocol Investigating Community Gardening Impact Measures
Jonathan Kingsley, Aisling Bailey, Nooshin Torabi, Pauline Zardo, Suzanne Mavoa, Tonia Gray, Danielle Tracey, Philip Pettitt, Nicholas Zajac, Emily Foenander
Existing community gardening research has tended to be exploratory and descriptive, utilising qualitative or mixed methodologies t..
Assessing Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior under Free-Living Conditions: Comparison of Active Style Pro HJA-350IT and ActiGraph (TM) GT3X
Shohei Yano, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Suzanne Mavoa, Koichiro Oka
Various accelerometers have been used in research measuring physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB). This study compare..
Ecological correlates of activity-related behavior typologies among adolescents
Kate E Parker, Jo Salmon, Karen Villanueva, Suzanne Mavoa, Jenny Veitch, Helen L Brown, Anna Timperio
BACKGROUND: Adolescents engage in various combinations (typologies) of physical activity and sedentary behaviors, which impact the..
Higher levels of greenness and biodiversity associate with greater subjective wellbeing in adults living in Melbourne, Australia
Suzanne Mavoa, Melanie Davern, Martin Breed, Amy Hahs
Natural environments may be important for subjective wellbeing, yet evidence is sparse and measures of nature are unspecific. We u..
How Do Neighbourhood Definitions Influence the Associations between Built Environment and Physical Activity?
Suzanne Mavoa, Nasser Bagheri, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T Kaczynski, Karen E Lamb, Koichiro Oka, David O'Sullivan, Karen Witten
Researchers investigating relationships between the neighbourhood environment and health first need to decide on the spatial exten..
Children's Transport Built Environments: A Mixed Methods Study of Associations between Perceived and Objective Measures and Relationships with Parent Licence for Independent Mobility in Auckland, New Zealand
Melody Smith, Rebecca Amann, Alana Cavadino, Deborah Raphael, Robin Kearns, Roger Mackett, Lisa Mackay, Penelope Carroll, Euan Forsyth, Suzanne Mavoa, Jinfeng Zhao, Erika Ikeda, Karen Witten
Children's independent mobility is declining internationally. Parents are the gatekeepers of children's independent mobility. This..
How are the built environment and household travel characteristics associated with children's active transport in Melbourne, Australia?
A Carver, A Barr, A Singh, H Badland, S Mavoa, R Bentley
Background: Children's active transport (AT) is a potential source of habitual physical activity with established health benefits...
Visualising Combined Time Use Patterns of Children's Activities and Their Association with Weight Status and Neighbourhood Context
Jinfeng Zhao, Lisa Mackay, Kevin Chang, Suzanne Mavoa, Tom Stewart, Erika Ikeda, Niamh Donnellan, Melody Smith
Compositional data techniques are an emerging method in physical activity research. These techniques account for the complexities ..
Public open space exposure measures in Australian health research: a critical review of the literature
Karen E Lamb, Suzanne Mavoa, Neil T Coffee, Kate Parker, Elizabeth A Richardson, Lukar E Thornton
Numerous studies have shown associations between public open space and a variety of health outcomes. Yet the extent to which firm ..
Viewing obesogenic advertising in children's neighbourhoods using Google Street View
Victoria Egli, Caryn Zinn, Lisa Mackay, Niamh Donnellan, Karen Villanueva, Suzanne Mavoa, Daniel J Exeter, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Melody Smith
The advertising of unhealthy food and beverages forms an important component of obesogenic environments. Such marketing to childre..
Are disadvantaged children more likely to be excluded from analysis when applying global positioning systems inclusion criteria?
Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Lamb, David O'Sullivan, Karen Witten, Melody Smith
OBJECTIVE: When using global positioning systems (GPS) to assess an individual's exposure to their environment, a first step in da..
Enabling participation for disabled young people: study protocol
Penelope Carroll, Karen Witten, Octavo Calder-Dawe, Melody Smith, Robin Kearns, Lanuola Asiasiga, Judy Lin, Nicola Kayes, Suzanne Mavoa
BACKGROUND: Participation in community life is vital for health and wellbeing, promoting a sense of belonging, networks of social ..
Comparing private and public transport access to diabetic health services across inner, middle, and outer suburbs of Melbourne, Australia
Rebecca Madill, Hannah Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Melbourne, Australia is experiencing rapid population growth, with much of this occurring in metropolitan outer suburb..
Are public open space attributes associated with walking and depression?
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Hannah Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Villanueva, Jacinta Francis, Paula Hooper, Neville Owen, Billie Giles-Corti
Public open spaces (POS) are key neighbourhood destinations shown to confer numerous physical and mental health benefits. The amou..
Identifying appropriate land-use mix measures for use in a national walkability index
Suzanne Mavoa, Claire Boulange, Serryn Eagleson, Joshua Stewart, Hannah M Badland, Billie Giles-Corti, Lucy Gunn
Walkability indices can guide planning and policy for more sustainable and liveble cities. Land-use mix is an important component ..
Modest ratios of fast food outlets to supermarkets and green grocers are associated with higher body mass index: Longitudinal analysis of a sample of 15,229 Australians aged 45 years and older in the Australian National Liveability Study
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Hannah Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Billie Giles-Corti
Food purchasing decisions are made within the context of the range of options available, yet most epidemiological studies focus up..
Designing healthy communities: creating evidence on metrics for built environment features associated with walkable neighbourhood activity centres
Lucy Dubrelle Gunn, Suzanne Mavoa, Claire Boulange, Paula Hooper, Anne Kavanagh, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based metrics are needed to inform urban policy to create healthy walkable communities. Most active living re..
Built environmental factors and adults' travel behaviors: Role of street layout and local destinations
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Neville Owen, Rachel Cole, Suzanne Mavoa, Koichiro Oka, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Takemi Sugiyama
Street layout is consistently associated with adults' travel behaviors, however factors influencing this association are unclear. ..
Using spatial measures to test a conceptual model of social infrastructure that supports health and wellbeing
M Davern, L Gunn, C Whitzman, C Higgs, B Giles-Corti, K Simons, K Villanueva, S Mavoa, R Roberts, H Badland
Social infrastructure requires a consistent and measurable definition and more evidence is needed to demonstrate why it is importa..