CENTRE OF RESEARCH EXCELLENCE IN DISABILITY AND HEALTH
Grant number: 1116385 | Funding period: 2016 - 2023
The first research centre of its kind internationally, the CRE in Disability and Health brings together a first-rate team of national and international researchers with influential stakeholders. We will create the evidence needed to guide social and health policy reform with the explicit intent of improving the health of working age disabled Australians. We will produce an exceptional research workforce equipped to make large-scale, ongoing contributions to the field of disability and health.
Related publications (69)
'That was all over the shop': Exploring the COVID-19 response in disability residential settings
Ashley McAllister, Helen Dickinson, Marie Huska, Alexandra Devine, Stefanie Dimov, Anne Kavanagh
People with disability are an ‘at-risk’ group in a pandemic context for various clinical and structural reasons. However, in the e..
COVID-19 vaccination coverage and vaccine hesitancy among Australians with disability and long-term health conditions
Zoe Aitken, Eric Emerson, Anne Marie Kavanagh
ISSUE ADDRESSED: COVID-19 vaccination is the cornerstone of managing Australia's COVID-19 pandemic and the success of the vaccinat..
Predictors of vaccine hesitancy among disability support workers in Australia: A cross-sectional survey
Anne Kavanagh, Helen Dickinson, Stefanie Dimov, Marissa Shields, Ashley McAllister
BACKGROUND: Achieving high levels of vaccination among disability support workers (DSWs) is critical to protecting people with dis..
Disability-related inequalities in health and well-being are mediated by barriers to participation faced by people with disability. A causal mediation analysis.
Zoe Aitken, Glenda M Bishop, George Disney, Eric Emerson, Anne M Kavanagh
Large inequalities in health and well-being exist between people with and without disability, in part due to poor socio-economic c..
The impact of the COVID pandemic on working age adults with disability: Meta-analysis of evidence from four national surveys.
Eric Emerson, Zoe Aitken, Vaso Totsika, Tania King, Roger J Stancliffe, Chris Hatton, Gwynnyth Llewellyn, Richard P Hastings, Anne Kavanagh
Concern has been expressed about the extent to which people with disabilities may be particularly vulnerable to negative impacts o..
Employment and disability among young Australians and associations with psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic
Marissa Shields, Matthew J Spittal, Stefanie Dimov, Anne Kavanagh, Tania L King
BACKGROUND: Emerging global data indicates that the employment status and mental health of young people is being adversely impacte..
Do Area-Level Environmental Factors Influence Employment for People with Disability? A Scoping Review
Nicola Fortune, Bernadette Curryer, Hannah Badland, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Alexandra Devine, Roger J Stancliffe, Eric Emerson, Gwynnyth Llewellyn
Employment is an important social determinant of health and wellbeing. People with disability experience labour market disadvantag..
Health and healthcare for people with disabilities in the UK during the COVID-19 pandemic
Anne Kavanagh, Chris Hatton, Roger J Stancliffe, Zoe Aitken, Tania King, Richard Hastings, Vaso Totsika, Gwynnyth Llewellyn, Eric Emerson
BACKGROUND: While emerging evidence shows increased mortality from COVID-19 among people with disability, evidence regarding wheth..
The association between disability and risk of exposure to peer cyber victimisation is moderated by gender: Cross-sectional survey
Eric Emerson, Zoe Aitken, Tania King, Joanne Arciuli, Gwynnyth Llewellyn, Anne M Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the exposure of youth with disability to cyber victimisation. OBJECTIVE: /Hypothesis: To estimat..
Vaccine hesitancy among working-age adults with/without disability in the UK
E Emerson, V Totsika, Z Aitken, T King, RP Hastings, C Hatton, RJ Stancliffe, G Llewellyn, A Kavanagh
Objectives: To estimate levels of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among working-age adults with disabilities in the United Kingdom. St..
How much of the effect of disability acquisition on mental health is mediated through employment and income? A causal mediation analysis quantifying interventional indirect effects using data from four waves of an Australian cohort study
Zoe Aitken, Julie Anne Simpson, Rebecca Bentley, Anne Marie Kavanagh
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that disability acquisition causes a decline in mental health, but few studies have examined the cau..
Using machine learning to examine associations between the built environment and physical function: A feasibility study
Jerome N Rachele, Jingcheng Wang, Jasper S Wijnands, Haifeng Zhao, Rebecca Bentley, Mark Stevenson
Linking geospatial neighbourhood design characteristics to health and behavioural data from population-representative cohorts is l..
Does disability modify the relationship between labour force status and psychological distress among young people?
Marissa Shields, Stefanie Dimov, Tania L King, Allison Milner, Anne Kavanagh, Matthew J Spittal, George Disney
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between labour force status, including young people who were unemployed and having problems ..
Improving health care for disabled people in COVID-19 and beyond: Lessons from Australia and England
Anne Kavanagh, Helen Dickinson, Gemma Carey, Gwynnyth Llewellyn, Eric Emerson, George Disney, Chris Hatton
COVID-19 has exacerbated pre-existing difficulties children and adults with disability face accessing quality health care. Some pe..
Overt acts of perceived discrimination reported by British working-age adults with and without disability
Eric Emerson, Allison Milner, Zoe Aitken, Lauren Krnjacki, Cathy Vaughan, Gwynnyth Llewellyn, Anne Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Exposure to discrimination can have a negative impact on health. There is little robust evidence on the prevalence of ..
The impact of disability on employment and financial security following the outbreak of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic in the UK
Eric Emerson, Roger Stancliffe, Chris Hatton, Gwynnyth Llewellyn, Tania King, Vaso Totsika, Zoe Aitken, Anne Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may have a greater impact on people with disabilities than non-disabl..
Area-Level Associations between Built Environment Characteristics and Disability Prevalence in Australia: An Ecological Analysis
Nicola Fortune, Ankur Singh, Hannah Badland, Roger J Stancliffe, Gwynnyth Llewellyn
The importance of health-promoting neighborhoods has long been recognized, and characteristics of local built environments are amo..
Exposure to discrimination and subsequent changes in self-rated health: prospective evidence from the UK's Life Opportunities Survey
E Emerson, A Milner, Z Aitken, C Vaughan, G Llewellyn, AM Kavanagh
OBJECTIVES: We sought to estimate risk of poor self-rated health (SRH) following exposure to disability-related and other forms of..
The impact of the disability support pension on mental health: evidence from 14 years of an Australian cohort
Allison Milner, Anne Kavanagh, Ashley McAllister, Zoe Aitken
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of the Australian Disability Support Pension (DSP) on the symptomology of depression and anxiety o..
Conformity to Masculine Norms: Differences Between Men With an Without a Disability
Tania L King, Marissa Shields, Allison Milner, Cathy Vaughan, Tom Shakespeare, Dianne Currier, Anne M Kavanagh
There is a noted paucity of quantitative research examining the interrelationship between masculinity and disability. We analyzed ..
The wellbeing of working-age adults with and without disability in the UK: Associations with age, gender, ethnicity, partnership status, educational attainment and employment status
Eric Emerson, Nicola Fortune, Zoe Aitken, Chris Hatton, Roger Stancliffe, Gwynnyth Llewellyn
BACKGROUND: Few population-based studies have examined the association between disability and personal wellbeing (PWB) among worki..
Feasibility and the care-full just city: Overlaps and contrasts in the views of people with disability and local government officers on social inclusion
Jerome N Rachele, Ilan Wiesel, Ellen van Holstein, Vickie Feretopoulos, Tessa de Vries, Celia Green, Ellen Bicknell
In this paper we consider how ‘feasibility’ considerations in urban policymaking fit within wider theories of the care-full just c..
'I'm proud of how far I've come. I'm just ready to work': mental health recovery narratives within the context of Australia's Disability Employment Services.
Alexandra Devine, Cathy Vaughan, Anne Kavanagh, Helen Dickinson, Sean Byars, Stefanie Dimov, Bill Gye, Lisa Brophy
BACKGROUND: Employment is recognised as facilitating the personal and clinical recovery of people with psychosocial disability. Ye..
Hierarchical Models for International Comparisons Smoking, Disability, and Social Inequality in 21 European Countries
George Disney, Lyle Gurrin, Zoe Aitken, Eric Emerson, Allison Milner, Anne Kavanagh, Dennis Petrie
BACKGROUND: International comparisons of social inequalities in health outcomes and behaviors are challenging. Due to the level of..
The cumulative effect of living with disability on mental health in working-age adults: an analysis using marginal structural models
Amalia Karahalios, Frank Pega, Zoe Aitken, Allison Milner, Julie A Simpson, Anne M Kavanagh
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that acquiring a disability is associated with a reduction in mental health, but they have no..
The effect of gender on mental health service use: an examination of mediation through material, social and health-related pathways
Allison Milner, George Disney, Sean Byars, Tania L King, Anne M Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken
PURPOSE: We aimed to understand how much of the gender difference in mental health service use could be due to the joint mediation..
Do gender and psychosocial job stressors modify the relationship between disability and sickness absence: An investigation using 12 waves of a longitudinal cohort.
Allison Milner, Zoe Aitken, Sean Byars, Peter Butterworth, Anne Kavanagh
Objectives A considerable proportion of the working population reports a disability. These workers may be at risk of adverse outco..
If I had stable housing I would be a bit more receptive to having a job. Factors influencing the effectiveness of Disability Employment Services reform
Alexandra Devine, Cathy Vaughan, Anne Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Continual reforms of the Australian Disability Employment Services (DES) program aim to improve employment outcomes fo..
Trends and sociodemographic inequalities in the use of caesarean section in Indonesia, 1987-2017
Rana Islamiah Zahroh, George Disney, Ana Pilar Betran, Meghan A Bohren
INTRODUCTION: Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing globally. CS can be a live-saving procedure when medically indicated, bu..
An intersectional approach to understandings of mental health inequalities among men with disability
Tania L King, Marissa Shields, Tom Shakespeare, Allison Milner, Anne Kavanagh
Disability is a key social identity or social category that is associated with significant social disadvantage. For men, having a ..
The relationship between disability and suicide: prospective evidence from the Ten to Men cohort
Allison Milner, Anne-Marie Bollier, Eric Emerson, Anne Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: People with disabilities often face a range of social and economic adversities. Evidence suggests that these disadvant..
Does sexual orientation vary between disabled and non-disabled men? findings from a population-based study of men in Australia
Anne-Marie Bollier, Tania King, S Bryn Austin, Tom Shakespeare, Matthew Spittal, Anne Kavanagh
Some research suggests that disabled people are more likely to be sexual minorities than non-disabled people, but this evidence co..
Sexual Functioning in Men With and Without Disabilities: Findings From a Representative Sample of Australian Men
Anne-Marie Bollier, Tania King, Tom Shakespeare, Jane Hocking, Anne Kavanagh
INTRODUCTION: Studies on sexual function in men with disabilities have mainly relied on clinical samples; population-based evidenc..
Does the effect of disability acquisition on mental health differ by employment characteristics? A longitudinal fixed-effects analysis
Zoe Aitken, Julie Anne Simpson, Rebecca Bentley, Allison Milner, Anthony Daniel LaMontagne, Anne Marie Kavanagh
PURPOSE: Longitudinal studies have suggested a causal relationship between disability acquisition and mental health, but there is ..
Emotional difficulties and self-harm among British adolescents with and without disabilities: Cross sectional study
Eric Emerson, Tania King, Gwynnyth Llewellyn, Allison Milner, Zoe Aitken, Joanne Arciuli, Anne Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence of emotional difficulties and self-harm among adolescents with a disability. OBJE..
HOW MUCH OF THE DISABILITY-RELATED INEQUALITIES IN HEALTH AND WELL-BEING ARE MEDIATED BY BARRIERS TO PARTICIPATION FACED BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES? A CAUSAL MEDIATION ANALYSIS USING LONGITUDINAL DATA FROM WORKING AGE PEOPLE WITH AND WITHOUT DISABILITIES IN GREAT BRITAIN
Z Aitken, G Disney, L Krnjacki, A Milner, E Emerson, AM Kavanagh
Mental health of adolescents: variations by borderline intellectual functioning and disability
Tania L King, Allison Milner, Zoe Aitken, Amalia Karahalios, Eric Emerson, Anne M Kavanagh
Adolescence is a period of elevated stress for many young people, and it is possible that the challenges of adolescence are differ..
To what extent is the association between disability and mental health in adolescents mediated by bullying? A causal mediation analysis (vol 47, pg 1402, 2018)
Tania King, Zoe Aitken, Allison Milner, Eric Emerson, Naomi Priest, Amalia Karahalios, Anne Kavanagh, Tony Blakely
The originally published version of this article contained errors in the listing of references 16, 19, 38, and 39. These have now ..
Gendered Working Environments as a Determinant of Mental Health Inequalities: A Protocol for a Systematic Review
Allison Milner, Anna J Scovelle, Tania L King, Claudia H Marck, Ashley McAllister, Anne M Kavanagh, Marissa Shields, Eszter Toeroek, Adrienne O'Neil
Both gender and employment are critical and intersecting social determinants of mental and physical health. This paper describes t..
Precariously placed: housing affordability, quality and satisfaction of Australians with disabilities
Zoe Aitken, Emma Baker, Hannah Badland, Kate Mason, Rebecca Bentley, Andrew Beer, Anne Marie Kavanagh
Access to adequate, safe, secure, accessible and affordable housing is a fundamental human right and one stipulated in the United ..
Adapting to a marketised system: Network analysis of a personalisation scheme in early implementation
Eleanor Malbon, Damon Alexander, Gemma Carey, Daniel Reeders, Celia Green, Helen Dickinson, Anne Kavanagh
As governments worldwide turn to personalised budgets and market-based solutions for the distribution of care services, the care s..
Built environment and cardio-metabolic health: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
M Chandrabose, JN Rachele, L Gunn, A Kavanagh, N Owen, G Turrell, B Giles-Corti, T Sugiyama
Built environment attributes may be related to cardio-metabolic diseases (e.g. type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke) and thei..
Employment predictors of exit from work among workers with disabilities: A survival analysis from the household income labour dynamics in Australia survey
Allison Milner, Yamna Taouk, George Disney, Zoe Aitken, Jerome Rachele, Anne Kavanagh
OBJECTIVES: Across high-income countries, unemployment rates among workers with disabilities are disproportionately high. The aim ..
Do employment factors reduce the effect of low education on mental health? A causal mediation analysis using a national panel study
Allison Milner, Tony Blakely, George Disney, Anne M Kavanagh, Anthony D LaMontagne, Zoe Aitken
BACKGROUND: Young people with low education have worse health than those with higher education. This paper examined the extent to ..
To what extent is the association between disability and mental health in adolescents mediated by bullying? A causal mediation analysis
Tania King, Zoe Aitken, Allison Milner, Eric Emerson, Naomi Priest, Amalia Karahalios, Anne Kavanagh, Tony Blakely
BACKGROUND: Disability among adolescents is associated with both poorer mental health (MH) and higher levels of bullying-victimiza..
Do material, psychosocial and behavioural factors mediate the relationship between disability acquisition and mental health? A sequential causal mediation analysis
Zoe Aitken, Julie Anne Simpson, Lyle Gurrin, Rebecca Bentley, Anne Marie Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of a causal relationship between disability acquisition and poor mental health; however, the mechani..
Men's work, Women's work, and mental health: A longitudinal investigation of the relationship between the gender composition of occupations and mental health
Allison Milner, Tania King, Anthony D LaMontagne, Rebecca Bentley, Anne Kavanagh
This longitudinal investigation assesses the extent to which the gender composition of an occupation (e.g., the extent to which an..
Disability-based discrimination and health: findings from an Australian-based population study
Lauren Krnjacki, Naomi Priest, Zoe Aitken, Eric Emerson, Gwynnyth Llewellyn, Tania King, Anne Kavanagh
OBJECTIVE: Among working-age Australian adults with a disability, we assess the association between disability-based discriminatio..
Gender, parental education, and experiences of bullying victimization by Australian adolescents with and without a disability
A Kavanagh, N Priest, E Emerson, A Milner, T King
BACKGROUND: This study sought to compare the prevalence of bullying victimization between adolescents with and without a disabilit..
Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and body mass index among residentially stable mid-older aged adults: Findings from the HABITAT multilevel longitudinal study
Jerome N Rachele, Anne Kavanagh, Wendy J Brown, Aislinn M Healy, Christina J Schmid, Gavin Turrell
Despite a body of evidence on the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and body mass index (BMI), few stud..
Underemployment and its impacts on mental health among those with disabilities: evidence from the HILDA cohort
Allison Milner, Tania Louise King, Anthony D LaMontagne, Zoe Aitken, Dennis Petrie, Anne M Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Underemployment (defined as when a person in paid employment works for fewer hours than their desired full working cap..
Redressing or entrenching social and health inequities through policy implementation? Examining personalised budgets through the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme
Gemma Carey, Eleanor Malbon, Daniel Reeders, Anne Kavanagh, Gwynnyth Llewellyn
BACKGROUND: Increasing attention is being given to political agenda setting for the social determinants of health. While designing..
Does social support modify the effect of disability acquisition on mental health? A longitudinal study of Australian adults
Zoe Aitken, Lauren Krnjacki, Anne Marie Kavanagh, Anthony Daniel LaMontagne, Allison Milner
PURPOSE: Disability acquisition in adulthood is associated with deterioration in mental health. Social support may act as a "buffe..
Bullying and mental health and suicidal behaviour among 14-to 15-year-olds in a representative sample of Australian children
Rebecca Ford, Tania King, Naomi Priest, Anne Kavanagh
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first Australian population-based estimates of the association between bullying and adverse mental healt..
Disability acquisition and mental health: effect modification by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics using data from an Australian longitudinal study
Zoe Aitken, Julie Anne Simpson, Rebecca Bentley, Anne Marie Kavanagh
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence of a causal relationship between disability acquisition and poor mental health, but the substantial ..