Deciphering how plants produce their biomass
Grant number: FT160100218 | Funding period: 2017 - 2020
This project aims to investigate mechanisms that underpin the formation of secondary walls, the bulk of biomass in plant cells. Plant cell walls are essential for plant growth and provide great raw materials for many industrial products. Understanding how cell walls are made would enable tailored plant biomass production, but understanding remains poor. The project will induce secondary walls at will and outline a framework for how secondary walls are made. The outcomes are expected to be relevant for the fuel, feed, food and construction sectors, and thus to Australia's future.
Related publications (36)
Not Just a Simple Sugar: Arabinose Metabolism and Function in Plants.
Alban Mariette, Hee Sung Kang, Joshua L Heazlewood, Staffan Persson, Berit Ebert, Edwin R Lampugnani
Growth, development, structure as well as dynamic adaptations and remodelling processes in plants are largely controlled by the pr..
Tissue and regional expression patterns of dicistronic tRNA-mRNA transcripts in grapevine (Vitis vinifera) and their evolutionary co-appearance with vasculature in land plants.
Pastor Jullian Fabres, Lakshay Anand, Na Sai, Stephen Pederson, Fei Zheng, Alexander A Stewart, Benjamin Clements, Edwin R Lampugnani, James Breen, Matthew Gilliham, Penny Tricker, Carlos M Rodríguez López, Rakesh David
Transfer RNAs (tRNA) are crucial adaptor molecules between messenger RNA (mRNA) and amino acids. Recent evidence in plants suggest..
Current and future advances in fluorescence-based visualization of plant cell wall components and cell wall biosynthetic machineries
Brian T DeVree, Lisa M Steiner, Sylwia Glazowska, Felix Ruhnow, Klaus Herburger, Staffan Persson, Jozef Mravec
Plant cell wall-derived biomass serves as a renewable source of energy and materials with increasing importance. The cell walls ar..
Structure of Arabidopsis CESA3 catalytic domain with its substrate UDP-glucose provides insight into the mechanism of cellulose synthesis
Zhu Qiao, Edwin R Lampugnani, Xin-Fu Yan, Ghazanfar Abbas Khan, Wuan Geok Saw, Patrick Hannah, Feng Qian, Jacob Calabria, Yansong Miao, Gerhard Gruber, Staffan Persson, Yong-Gui Gao
Cellulose is synthesized by cellulose synthases (CESAs) from the glycosyltransferase GT-2 family. In plants, the CESAs form a six-..
Long-term single-cell imaging and simulations of microtubules reveal principles behind wall patterning during proto-xylem development
Rene Schneider, Kris van't Klooster, Kelsey L Picard, Jasper van der Gucht, Taku Demura, Marcel Janson, Arun Sampathkumar, Eva E Deinum, Tijs Ketelaar, Staffan Persson
Plants are the tallest organisms on Earth; a feature sustained by solute-transporting xylem vessels in the plant vasculature. The ..
A network-based framework for shape analysis enables accurate characterization of leaf epidermal cells
Jacqueline Nowak, Ryan Christopher Eng, Timon Matz, Matti Waack, Staffan Persson, Arun Sampathkumar, Zoran Nikoloski
Cell shape is crucial for the function and development of organisms. Yet, versatile frameworks for cell shape quantification, comp..
Grass-Specific EPAD1 Is Essential for Pollen Exine Patterning in Rice
HuanJun Li, Yu-Jin Kim, Liu Yang, Ze Liu, Jie Zhang, Haotian Shi, Guoqiang Huang, Staffan Persson, Dabing Zhang, Wanqi Liang
The highly variable and species-specific pollen surface patterns are formed by sporopollenin accumulation. The template for sporop..
A G protein-coupled receptor-like module regulates Cellulose Synthase secretion from the endomembrane system in Arabidopsis
Heather McFarlane, Daniela Mutwil-Anderwald, Jana Verbančič, Kelsey Picard, Timothy Gookin, Anja Froehlich, Luisa Trindade, Jose Alonso, Sarah Assmann, Staffan Persson
Cellulose synthesis is essential for plant morphology, water transport and defense, and provides raw material for biomaterials and..
CELLULOSE SYNTHASE INTERACTING 1 is required for wood mechanics and leaf morphology in aspen
Anne Bunder, Ola Sundman, Amir Mahboubi, Staffan Persson, Shawn D Mansfield, Markus Ruggeberg, Totte Niittyla
Cellulose microfibrils synthesized by CELLULOSE SYNTHASE COMPLEXES (CSCs) are the main load‐bearing polymers in wood. CELLULOSE SY..
Investigation of CRISPR/Cas9-induced SD1 rice mutants highlights the importance of molecular characterization in plant molecular breeding
Sukumar Biswas, Jiaqi Tian, Rong Li, Xiaofei Chen, Zhijing Luo, Mingjiao Chen, Xiangxiang Zhao, Dabing Zhang, Staffan Persson, Zheng Yuan, Jianxin Shi
Although Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated 9 (Cas9) system has been widely used..
Long-term single-cell imaging and simulations of microtubules reveal driving forces for wall pattering during proto-xylem development
René Schneider, Kris van ’t Klooster, Kelsey Picard, Jasper van der Gucht, Taku Demura, Marcel Janson, Arun Sampathkumar, Eva Deinum, Tijs Ketelaar, Staffan Persson
<h4>ABSTRACT</h4> Plants are the tallest organisms on Earth; a feature sustained by solute-transporting xylem vessels in the plant..
The Rice Actin-Binding Protein RMD Regulates Light-Dependent Shoot Gravitropism
Yu Song, Gang Li, Jacqueline Nowak, Xiaoqing Zhang, Dongbei Xu, Xiujuan Yang, Guoqiang Huang, Wanqi Liang, Litao Yang, Canhua Wang, Vincent Bulone, Zoran Nikoloski, Jianping Hu, Staffan Persson, Dabing Zhang
Light and gravity are two key determinants in orientating plant stems for proper growth and development. The organization and dyna..
Cellulose Synthesis - Central Components and Their Evolutionary Relationships
Edwin R Lampugnani, Eduardo Flores-Sandoval, Qiao Wen Tan, Marek Mutwil, John L Bowman, Staffan Persson
Cellulose is an essential morphogenic polysaccharide that is central to the stability of plant cell walls and provides an importan..
Primary wall cellulose synthase regulates shoot apical meristem mechanics and growth
Arun Sampathkumar, Alexis Peaucelle, Miki Fujita, Christoph Schuster, Staffan Persson, Geoffrey O Wasteneys, Elliot M Meyerowitz
How organisms attain their specific shapes and modify their growth patterns in response to environmental and chemical signals has ..
The companion of cellulose synthase 1 confers salt tolerance through a Tau-like mechanism in plants
Christopher Kesten, Arndt Wallmann, Rene Schneider, Heather E McFarlane, Anne Diehl, Ghazanfar Abbas Khan, Barth-Jan van Rossum, Edwin R Lampugnani, Witold G Szymanski, Nils Cremer, Peter Schmieder, Kristina L Ford, Florian Seiter, Joshua L Heazlewood, Clara Sanchez-Rodriguez, Hartmut Oschkinat, Staffan Persson
Microtubules are filamentous structures necessary for cell division, motility and morphology, with dynamics critically regulated b..
The OsJAZ1 degron modulates jasmonate signaling sensitivity during rice development
Jiaqi Tian, Lichun Cao, Xiaofei Chen, Mingjiao Chen, Peng Zhang, Liming Cao, Staffan Persson, Dabing Zhang, Zheng Yuan
Jasmonates (JAs) are crucial to the coordination of plant stress responses and development. JA signaling depends on JASMONATE-ZIM ..
A Golgi UDP-GlcNAc transporter delivers substrates for N-linked glycans and sphingolipids
Berit Ebert, Carsten Rautengarten, Heather E McFarlane, Thusitha Rupasinghe, Wei Zeng, Kristina Ford, Henrik V Scheller, Antony Bacic, Ute Roessner, Staffan Persson, Joshua L Heazlewood
Glycosylation requires activated glycosyl donors in the form of nucleotide sugars to drive processes such as post-translational pr..
Complete substitution of a secondary cell wall with a primary cell wall in Arabidopsis
Shingo Sakamoto, Marc Somssich, Miyuki T Nakata, Faride Unda, Kimie Atsuzawa, Yasuko Kaneko, Ting Wang, Anne-Maarit Bagman, Allison Gaudinier, Kouki Yoshida, Siobhan M Brady, Shawn D Mansfield, Staffan Persson, Nobutaka Mitsuda
The bulk of a plant's biomass, termed secondary cell walls, accumulates in woody xylem tissues and is largely recalcitrant to bioc..
Feeding the Walls: How Does Nutrient Availability Regulate CellWall Composition?
Michael Ogden, Rainer Hoefgen, Ute Roessner, Staffan Persson, Ghazanfar Abbas Khan
Nutrients are critical for plants to grow and develop, and nutrient depletion severely affects crop yield. In order to optimize nu..
Inhibition of TOR Represses Nutrient Consumption, Which Improves Greening after Extended Periods of Etiolation
Yi Zhang, Youjun Zhang, Heather E McFarlane, Toshihiro Obata, Andreas S Richter, Mark Lohse, Bernhard Grimm, Staffan Persson, Alisdair R Fernie, Patrick Giavaliscob
Upon illumination, etiolated seedlings experience a transition from heterotrophic to photoautotrophic growth. During this process,..
Cellulose synthase complexes display distinct dynamic behaviors during xylem transdifferentiation
Yoichiro Watanabe, Rene Schneider, Sarah Barkwill, Eliana Gonzales-Vigil, Joseph L Hill, A Lacey Samuels, Staffan Persson, Shawn D Mansfield
In plants, plasma membrane-embedded CELLULOSE SYNTHASE (CESA) enzyme complexes deposit cellulose polymers into the developing cell..
The genome and metabolome of the tobacco tree, Nicotiana glauca: a potential renewable feedstock for the bioeconomy
Björn Usade, Takayuki Tohge, Federico Scossa, Nicolas Sierro, Maximilian Schmidt, Alexander Vogel, Anthony Bolger, Amanda Kozlo, Eugenia MA Enfissi, Kris Morrel, Manuel Regenauer, Asis Hallab, Colin Ruprecht, Heidrun Gundlach, Manuel Spannagl, Yaw Koram, Klaus FX Mayer, Wout Boerjan, Paul Fraser, Staffan Persson
<h4>Background</h4> Given its tolerance to stress and its richness in particular secondary metabolites, the tobacco tree, Nicotian..
AtCSLD3 and GhCSLD3 mediate root growth and cell elongation downstream of the ethylene response pathway in Arabidopsis
Huizhen Hu, Ran Zhang, Shuchao Dong, Ying Li, Chunfen Fan, Yanting Wang, Tao Xia, Peng Chen, Lingqiang Wang, Shengqiu Feng, Staffan Persson, Liangcai Peng
CSLD3, a gene of the cellulose synthase-like D family, affects root hair elongation, but its interactions with ethylene signaling ..
The Cellulose Synthases Are Cargo of the TPLATE Adaptor Complex
Clara Sanchez-Rodriguez, Yanyun Shi, Christopher Kesten, Dongmei Zhang, Gloria Sancho-Andres, Alexander Ivakov, Edwin R Lampugnani, Kamil Sklodowski, Masaru Fujimoto, Akihiko Nakano, Antony Bacic, Ian S Wallace, Takashi Ueda, Daniel Van Damme, Yihua Zhou, Staffan Persson
Two Complementary Mechanisms Underpin Cell Wall Patterning during Xylem Vessel Development
Rene Schneider, Lu Tang, Edwin R Lampugnani, Sarah Barkwill, Rahul Lathe, Yi Zhang, Heather E McFarlane, Edouard Pesquet, Totte Niittyla, Shawn D Mansfield, Yihua Zhou, Staffan Persson
The evolution of the plant vasculature was essential for the emergence of terrestrial life. Xylem vessels are solute-transporting ..
System-wide organization of actin cytoskeleton determines organelle transport in hypocotyl plant cells
David Breuer, Jacqueline Nowak, Alexander Ivakov, Marc Somssich, Staffan Persson, Zoran Nikoloski
The actin cytoskeleton is an essential intracellular filamentous structure that underpins cellular transport and cytoplasmic strea..
Cellulose Synthesis and Cell Expansion Are Regulated by Different Mechanisms in Growing Arabidopsis Hypocotyls
Alexander Ivakov, Anna Flis, Federico Apelt, Maximillian Fuenfgeld, Ulrike Scherer, Mark Stitt, Friedrich Kragler, Kris Vissenberg, Staffan Persson, Dmitry Suslov
Plant growth is sustained by two complementary processes: biomass biosynthesis and cell expansion. The cell wall is crucial to bot..
The elaborate route for UDP-arabinose delivery into the Golgi of plants
Carsten Rautengarten, Devon Birdseye, Sivakumar Pattathil, Heather E McFarlane, Susana Saez-Aguayo, Ariel Orellana, Staffan Persson, Michael G Hahn, Henrik V Scheller, Joshua L Heazlewood, Berit Ebert
In plants, L-arabinose (Ara) is a key component of cell wall polymers, glycoproteins, as well as flavonoids, and signaling peptide..