Careers of Misconduct
Grant number: FT180100075 | Funding period: 2019 - 2022
This project aims to understand how legal and health practitioners named in multiple misconduct allegations make changes to their practice. Regulation exists to prevent poorly performing practitioners from doing further harm, yet little is known about the extent to which this is happening. Expected outcomes of the project include a better understanding of how regulation can be used effectively as a tool to promote the interests of consumers of legal and health services. Benefits will include recommendations to legal and health practitioner regulators about how regulatory interventions can be improved to better protect the public.
Related publications (53)
Violence-related morbidity among people released from prison in Australia: A data linkage study
Melissa Willoughby, Claire Keen, Jesse T Young, Matthew J Spittal, Rohan Borschmann, Emilia Janca, Stuart A Kinner
INTRODUCTION: People released from prison have an increased risk of morbidity, including from nonfatal violence. We examined the i..
Using the Patient Health Questionnaire to estimate prevalence and gender differences of somatic symptoms and psychological co-morbidity in a secondary inpatient population with abdominal pain.
Melissa Stieler, Peter Pockney, Cassidy Campbell, Vaisnavi Thirugnanasundralingam, Lachlan Gan, Matthew Spittal, Gregory Carter
BACKGROUND: Somatic disorders and somatic symptoms are common in primary care populations; however, little is known about the prev..
Hospital presentations for self-poisoning during COVID-19 in Sri Lanka: an interrupted time-series analysis.
Duleeka Knipe, Tharuka Silva, Azra Aroos, Lalith Senarathna, Nirosha Madhuwanthi Hettiarachchi, Sampath R Galappaththi, Matthew J Spittal, David Gunnell, Chris Metcalfe, Thilini Rajapakse
BACKGROUND: There is widespread concern over the impact of public health measures, such as lockdowns, associated with COVID-19 on ..
Does disability modify the relationship between labour force status and psychological distress among young people?
Marissa Shields, Stefanie Dimov, Tania L King, Allison Milner, Anne Kavanagh, Matthew J Spittal, George Disney
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between labour force status, including young people who were unemployed and having problems ..
Comparison of accredited person and medical officer discharge decisions under the Mental Health Act of NSW: A cohort study of deliberate self-poisoning patients
Katie McGill, Matthew J Spittal, Jennifer Bryant, Terry J Lewin, Ian M Whyte, Clare Madden, Greg Carter
BACKGROUND: The Accredited Persons Programme was introduced in 2003. The relevant Mental Health Acts (NSW) authorised reviews by a..
How do employment conditions and psychosocial workplace exposures impact the mental health of young workers? A systematic review
M Shields, S Dimov, A Kavanagh, A Milner, MJ Spittal, TL King
PURPOSE: To assess the quality of the research about how employment conditions and psychosocial workplace exposures impact the men..
Clinical efficacy of a Decision Support Tool (Link-me) to guide intensity of mental health care in primary practice: a pragmatic stratified randomised controlled trial
Susan Fletcher, Matthew J Spittal, Patty Chondros, Victoria J Palmer, Mary Lou Chatterton, Konstancja Densley, Maria Potiriadis, Meredith Harris, Bridget Bassilios, Philip Burgess, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Jane Pirkis, Jane Gunn
BACKGROUND: The volume and heterogeneity of mental health problems that primary care patients present with is a substantial challe..
Outcomes of Victorian Prevention and Recovery Care Services: A matched pairs comparison
John Farhall, Lisa Brophy, John Reece, Holly Tibble, Long Khanh-Dao Le, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Justine Fletcher, Carol Harvey, Emma Morrisroe, Richard Newton, Georgina Sutherland, Matthew J Spittal, Graham Meadows, Ruth Vine, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: In Victoria, Prevention and Recovery Care Services have been established to provide a partial alternative to inpatient ..
Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Against Influenza-Related Mortality in Australian Hospitalized Patients: A Propensity Score Analysis
Monica L Nation, Robert Moss, Matthew J Spittal, Tom Kotsimbos, Paul M Kelly, Allen C Cheng
BACKGROUND: Data on influenza vaccine effectiveness (IVE) against mortality are limited, with no Australian data to guide vaccine ..
Violence-related deaths among people released from incarceration: protocol for a systematic review
Melissa Willoughby, Jesse T Young, Matthew J Spittal, Rohan Borschmann, Emilia K Janca, Stuart A Kinner
INTRODUCTION: Young people and adults released from incarceration have a risk of dying from violence that far exceeds that in the ..
All-cause mortality and the time-varying effects of psychosocial work stressors: A retrospective cohort study using the HILDA survey
Yamna Taouk, Matthew J Spittal, Allison J Milner, Anthony D LaMontagne
The effects of poor-quality work (high job demands, low job control, job insecurity, and effort-reward imbalance) are harmful to h..
Risk factors associated with suicide clusters in Australian youth: Identifying who is at risk and the mechanisms associated with cluster membership
Nicole TM Hill, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis, Michelle Torok, Jo Robinson
Background: It is unclear who is at risk of being involved in a suicide cluster and whether suicide clusters are influenced by the..
High prevalence of health and social risk behaviours among men experiencing suicidal thoughts and behaviour: The imperative to undertake holistic assessments
Gregory Armstrong, Tilahun Haregu, Eric D Caine, Jesse T Young, Matthew J Spittal, Anthony F Jorm
Objective: We aimed to examine whether suicidal thoughts and behaviour were independently associated with a wide range of health a..
Similarities and differences in people accessing prevention and recovery care services and inpatient units in Victoria, Australia
Georgina Sutherland, Carol Harvey, Holly Tibble, Matthew J Spittal, John Farhall, Justine Fletcher, Graham Meadows, J Richard Newton, Ruth Vine, Lisa Brophy
BACKGROUND: There is an emerging international literature demonstrating clinical and cost-effectiveness of sub-acute residential m..
Belief in suicide prevention myths and its effect on helping: a nationally representative survey of Australian adults
Angela Nicholas, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Nicola Reavley, Jane Pirkis, Anthony Jorm, Matthew J Spittal
BACKGROUND: Debunking suicide myths, such as 'asking someone about suicide could make them start thinking about it' is a common st..
Handgun Ownership and Suicide in California
David M Studdert, Yifan Zhang, Sonja A Swanson, Lea Prince, Jonathan A Rodden, Erin E Holsinger, Matthew J Spittal, Garen J Wintemute, Matthew Miller
BACKGROUND: Research has consistently identified firearm availability as a risk factor for suicide. However, existing studies are ..
Age-specific incidence of injury-related hospital contact after release from prison: a prospective data-linkage study
Jesse T Young, Rohan Borschmann, David B Preen, Matthew J Spittal, Lisa Brophy, Emily A Wang, Ed Heffernan, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: In population studies, the risk of injury declines after early adulthood. It is unclear if a similar age difference in..
Public Service Announcements to Change Attitudes about Youth Suicide: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Maria Ftanou, Anna Ross, Anna Machlin, Matthew J Spittal, Kylie King, Angela Nicholas, Jane Hocking, Jo Robinson, Nicola Reavley, Jane Pirkis
Background: Youth suicide is a major public health concern worldwide. Public service announcements (PSAs) may have a role in suici..
Contact with Mental Health Services After Acute Care for Self-Harm Among Adults Released from Prison: A Prospective Data Linkage Study
Jesse T Young, Rohan Borschmann, Ed Heffernan, Matthew J Spittal, Lisa Brophy, James RP Ogloff, Paul Moran, Gregory Armstrong, David B Preen, Stuart A Kinner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the care pathway and rate and predictors of mental health care contact within seven days of discharge from..
Psychosocial work stressors and risk of mortality in Australia: analysis of data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey
Yamna Taouk, Anthony D LaMontagne, Matthew J Spittal, Allison Milner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between exposures to psychosocial work stressors and mortality in a nationally representativ..
Association between suicide reporting in the media and suicide: systematic review and meta-analysis
Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Marlies Braun, Jane Pirkis, Benedikt Till, Steven Stack, Mark Sinyor, Ulrich S Tran, Martin Voracek, Qijin Cheng, Florian Arendt, Sebastian Scherr, Paul SF Yip, Matthew J Spittal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between reporting on suicides, especially deaths of celebrities by suicide, and subsequent s..
Violence-Related Deaths Among People Released From Prison: A Data Linkage Study
Melissa Willoughby, Matthew J Spittal, Rohan Borschmann, Holly Tibble, Stuart A Kinner
People released from prison are a socially marginalized group and are at high risk of death from preventable causes, including vio..
Childhood adversity and clinical and psychosocial outcomes in psychosis.
S Turner, C Harvey, L Hayes, D Castle, C Galletly, S Sweeney, S Shah, L Keogh, MJ Spittal
AIMS: Associations between childhood abuse and various psychotic illnesses in adulthood are commonly reported. We aim to examine a..
Geographic variation in tobacco use in India: a population-based multilevel cross-sectional study
Ankur Singh, Monika Arora, Rebecca Bentley, Matthew J Spittal, Loc G Do, Nathan Grills, Dallas R English
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to quantify the extent to which people's use of tobacco products varies by local areas (city ward and v..
Physical activity and depression in men: Increased activity duration and intensity associated with lower likelihood of current depression
Dianne Currier, Remy Lindner, Matthew J Spittal, Stefan Cvetkovski, Jane Pirkis, Dallas R English
OBJECTIVES: Depression is a significant public health issue for men, however men are less likely to use mental health services. Al..
Psychosocial work stressors and risk of all-cause and coronary heart disease mortality: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Yamna Taouk, Matthew J Spittal, Anthony D LaMontagne, Allison J Milner
Objectives Psychosocial work stressors are common exposures affecting the working population, and there is good evidence that they..
The Mortality After Release from Incarceration Consortium (MARIC): Protocol for a multi-national, individual participant data meta-analysis
Rohan Borschmann, Holly Tibble, Matthew J Spittal, David Preen, Jane Pirkis, Sarah Larney, David L Rosen, Jesse T Young, Alexander D Love, Frederick L Altice, Ingrid A Binswanger, Anne Bukten, Tony Butler, Zheng Chang, Chuan-Yu Chen, Thomas Clausen, Peer Brehm Christensen, Gabriel J Culbert, Louisa Degenhardt, Anja JE Dirkzwager
Introduction : More than 30 million adults are released from incarceration globally each year. Many experience complex physical an..
Complaint risk among mental health practitioners compared with physical health practitioners: a retrospective cohort study of complaints to health regulators in Australia
Benjamin G Veness, Holly Tibble, Brin FS Grenyer, Jennifer M Morris, Matthew J Spittal, Louise Nash, David M Studdert, Marie M Bismark
OBJECTIVES: To understand complaint risk among mental health practitioners compared with physical health practitioners. DESIGN: Re..
Helping actions given and received in response to suicide risk: Findings from an Australian nationally representative telephone survey
Angela Nicholas, Jane Pirkis, Anthony Jorm, Matthew J Spittal, Nicola Reavley
We conducted a nationally representative telephone survey of 3000 Australian adults. We assessed helping responses toward people i..
Smoking prevalence following tobacco tax increases in Australia between 2001 and 2017: an interrupted time-series analysis
Anna L Wilkinson, Michelle M Scollo, Melanie A Wakefield, Matthew J Spittal, Frank J Chaloupka, Sarah J Durkin
BACKGROUND: Building on substantial tobacco control action over the previous decade, Australia increased the taxes on tobacco by 2..
The association between mental disorders and suicide: A systematic review and meta-analysis of record linkage studies
Lay San Too, Matthew J Spittal, Lyndal Bugeja, Lennart Reifels, Peter Butterworth, Jane Pirkis
Background: There has long been debate about the extent to which mental disorders contribute to suicide. We aimed to examine the e..
Does sexual orientation vary between disabled and non-disabled men? findings from a population-based study of men in Australia
Anne-Marie Bollier, Tania King, S Bryn Austin, Tom Shakespeare, Matthew Spittal, Anne Kavanagh
Some research suggests that disabled people are more likely to be sexual minorities than non-disabled people, but this evidence co..
Suicides in Australia following media reports of the death of Robin Williams
Jane Pirkis, Dianne Currier, Lay San Too, Marc Bryant, Sara Bartlett, Mark Sinyor, Matthew J Spittal
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the extent to which local reporting of Robin Williams' suicide (on 11 August 2014) was associated w..
Prevention and Recovery Care Services in Australia: Describing the Role and Function of Sub-Acute Recovery-Based Residential Mental Health Services in Victoria
Justine Fletcher, Lisa Brophy, Helen Killaspy, Priscilla Ennals, Bridget Hamilton, Laura Collister, Teresa Hall, Carol Harvey
Background: Prevention and Recovery Care (PARC) services are relatively new sub-acute residential services that have supported peo..
Looking for the 'active ingredients' in a men's mental health promotion intervention
Jane Pirkis, Marisa Schlichthorst, Kylie King, Anne Lockley, Louise Keogh, Lennart Reifels, Matthew J Spittal, Andrea Phelps
Objective:Man Up is a three-episode documentary in which Sydney radio personality, Gus Worland, explores the relationship between ..
Socioeconomic Disadvantage, Mental Health and Substance Use in Young Men in Emerging Adulthood
D Currier, G Patton, L Sanci, S Sahabandu, M Spittal, D English, A Milner, J Pirkis
Emerging adulthood is a neglected phase of the life course in health research. Health problems and risk behaviors at this time of ..
Prevention and Recovery Care Services in Australia: Developing a State-Wide Typology of a Subacute Residential Mental Health Service Model
Carol Harvey, Lisa Brophy, Holly Tibble, Helen Killaspy, Matthew J Spittal, Bridget Hamilton, Priscilla Ennals, Richard Newton, Paul Cruickshank, Teresa Hall, Justine Fletcher
Aims: Community-based residential alternatives to hospitalization are an emerging service model. Evidence for their acceptability ..
Characteristics of Lawyers Who Are Subject to Complaints and Misconduct Findings
Tara Sklar, Yamna Taouk, David Studdert, Matthew Spittal, Ron Paterson, Marie Bismark
Regulators of the legal profession are charged with protecting the public by ensuring lawyers are fit to practice law. However, th..
Impact of a mass media campaign on participation rates in a National Bowel Cancer Screening Program: a field experiment
Sarah J Durkin, Kate Broun, Matthew J Spittal, Melanie A Wakefield
OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: This field experiment aimed to compare bowel cancer screening participation rates prior to, during and afte..
Emergency health service contact and reincarceration after release from prison: A prospective cohort study
Dominique F de Andrade, Matthew J Spittal, Kathryn J Snow, Faye S Taxman, Julia L Crilly, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: Adults released from prison often have complex health needs. They are at high risk of poor health outcomes and reincar..
Modifiable risk factors for external cause mortality after release from prison: a nested case-control study
MJ Spittal, S Forsyth, R Borschmann, JT Young, SA Kinner
AIM: People released from prison are at higher risk of mortality from potentially preventable causes than their peers in the gener..
Changes in Practice among Physicians with Malpractice Claims
David M Studdert, Matthew J Spittal, Yifan Zhang, Derek S Wilkinson, Harnam Singh, Michelle M Mello
BACKGROUND: Physicians with poor malpractice liability records may pose a risk to patient safety. There are long-standing concerns..
Evaluating the effectiveness of a website about masculinity and suicide to prompt help-seeking.
Kylie King, Marisa Schlichthorst, Jackie Turnure, Andrea Phelps, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis
ISSUE ADDRESSED: A website was designed to form the core of a multimedia strategy surrounding the Man Up documentary - a three-par..
Accuracy of Clinician Predictions of Future Self-Harm: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Predictive Studies
Rachel Woodford, Matthew J Spittal, Allison Milner, Katie McGill, Navneet Kapur, Jane Pirkis, Alex Mitchell, Gregory Carter
Assessment of a patient after hospital-treated self-harm or psychiatric hospitalization often includes a risk assessment, resultin..
Population attributable risk of factors associated with the repetition of self-harm behaviour in young people presenting to clinical services: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Katrina Witt, Allison Milner, Matthew J Spittal, Sarah Hetrick, Jo Robinson, Jane Pirkis, Gregory Carter
The repetition of hospital-treated self-harm by young people is common. However, little work has summarised the modifiable factors..
Venous Thrombotic Risk in Transgender Women Undergoing Estrogen Therapy: A Systematic Review and Metaanalysis
Jenna Khan, Robert L Schmidt, Matthew J Spittal, Zil Goldstein, Kristi J Smock, Dina N Greene
BACKGROUND: Transgender women are female individuals who were recorded men at birth based on natal sex. Supporting a person's gend..