Mechanisms Of Long Term Excitability Changes In Enteric Neurons

Grant number: 251508

Abstract

The intestine contains within its walls a nerve circuitry, the enteric nervous system, that controls many of its activities. The intestine itself adapts to circumstances, such as diet, and to pathological changes, such as infection or inflammation. In fact, changes in the intestine can outlast the events that cause them. This implies that there are prolonged changes in properties of control systems in the intestine. We have discovered that the intrinsic sensory neurons of the intestine exhibit long-term excitability increases following prolonged, low frequency, stimulation of their inputs from other neurons. This phenomenon has been called sustained slow postsynaptic excitation (SSPE). We ha..

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