Characterisation Of Human Osteoclastogenesis

Grant number: 209094

Abstract

Osteoclasts (OC) are large multinucleated cells present in bone that are responsible for bone resorption. The renewal of bone and bone growth are regulated by the opposing actions of OCs and osteoblasts, cells that form new bone. Together, with other accessory cells in the bone marrow, these constitute 'bone-forming units' (BFU). Excess production or over-activation of OCs in the BFU leads to common bone conditions such as osteoporosis, Paget's disease and the bone lysis caused by bone cancers. Osteoporosis causes a great deal of pain and disability and it alone costs the Australian taxpayers more than $400 million per year. OCs are formed from white blood cells that are present in the b..

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