The Mechanism of Action of Progastrins in Colorectal Cancer

Grant number: 251581

Abstract

Clear evidence now links precursors of the hormone gastrin with the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). Elevated gastrin concentrations in the blood increase the risk of developing CRC, and in patients with CRC blood gastrin concentrations are higher than normal. Furthermore experiments in animals indicate that gastrin precursors stimulate growth of the cells lining the interior of the colon. The major challenges in this field are to characterise the proteins (called receptors) which bind gastrin precursors to the surface of colon cells, and to understand how receptor binding triggers changes in the colon which result in CRC development. Our recent discovery that gastrin precursors promo..

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