EXPLORING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBAN PLANNING AND HEALTH AND THE APPLICATION OF RESEARCH FINDINGS TO IMPROVE THE HEALTH AND WELL BEING OF AUSTRALIANS BY CREATING MORE HEALTHY AND SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES.
Grant number: 1004900 | Funding period: 2011 - 2015
Globally there is growing concern about the health, social, environmental, and economic impacts of rising levels of inactivity and obesity, coupled with projected population growth, climate change, declining oil supplies and rising fuel prices. Creating pedestrian-, cycling- and transit-friendly environments and encouraging alternative forms of transport is a priority. Working with policy-makers, this research aims to influence urban planning policy to create healthy, sustainable communities.
Related publications (77)
"Punching above their weight': a qualitative examination of local governments' organisational efficacy to improve the social determinants of health
Geoffrey R Browne, Melanie Davern, Billie Giles-Corti
OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization calls upon local government worldwide to play a greater role in improving public health b..
Comparing private and public transport access to diabetic health services across inner, middle, and outer suburbs of Melbourne, Australia
Rebecca Madill, Hannah Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Melbourne, Australia is experiencing rapid population growth, with much of this occurring in metropolitan outer suburb..
Are public open space attributes associated with walking and depression?
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Hannah Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Villanueva, Jacinta Francis, Paula Hooper, Neville Owen, Billie Giles-Corti
Public open spaces (POS) are key neighbourhood destinations shown to confer numerous physical and mental health benefits. The amou..
Prospective trends in body mass index by main transport mode, 2007-2013
Gavin Turrell, Belinda A Hewitt, Jerome N Rachele, Billie Giles-Corti, Wendy J Brown
Background: Cohort studies have examined whether change in transport mode is associated with change in bodyweight among commuters...
Modest ratios of fast food outlets to supermarkets and green grocers are associated with higher body mass index: Longitudinal analysis of a sample of 15,229 Australians aged 45 years and older in the Australian National Liveability Study
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Hannah Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Billie Giles-Corti
Food purchasing decisions are made within the context of the range of options available, yet most epidemiological studies focus up..
Best Practice Principles for Community Indicator Systems and a Case Study Analysis: How Community Indicators Victoria is Creating Impact and Bridging Policy, Practice and Research
Melanie T Davern, Lucy Gunn, Billie Giles-Corti, Stephanie David
Numerous community indicator projects have been developed over the past 30 years and are now present in many countries including t..
Nowhere to Go and Nothing to Do but Sit? Youth Screen Time and the Association With Access to Neighborhood Destinations
Hayley Christian, Stephen R Zubrick, Matthew Knuiman, Andrea Nathan, Sarah Foster, Karen Villanueva, Billie Giles-Corti
With not much to do in their neighborhood, youth may spend more time in the home engaged in screen-based activities. Screen time d..
Walkability and walking for transport: characterizing the built environment using space syntax
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Neville Owen, Ester Cerin, Billie Giles-Corti, Takemi Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood walkability has been shown to be associated with walking behavior. However, the availability of geographi..
Are liveable neighbourhoods safer neighbourhoods? Testing the rhetoric on new urbanism and safety from crime in Perth, Western Australia
Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti
New urbanism advocates for the design of the compact, pedestrian-friendly, mixed-use developments thought to promote walking. New ..
The effect of siblings and family dog ownership on children's independent mobility to neighbourhood destinations
Hayley E Christian, Karen Villanueva, Charlotte D Klinker, Matthew W Knuiman, Mark Divitini, Billie Giles-Corti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of sibling age, gender and dog ownership on children's independent mobility and how this vari..
Conceptualising and Measuring Spatial Indicators of Employment Through a Liveability Lens
Hannah Badland, Melanie Davern, Karen Villanueva, Suzanne Mavoa, Allison Milner, Rebecca Roberts, Billie Giles-Corti
Employment is a well-known social determinant of health and wellbeing and important for the liveability of a region. Yet, spatial ..
Testing spatial measures of alcohol outlet density with self-rated health in the Australian context: Implications for policy and practice
Hannah Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Michael Livingston, Stephanie David, Billie Giles-Corti
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Reducing access to alcohol is an important and cost-effective strategy for decreasing alcohol consumption a..
An analysis of local government health policy against state priorities and a social determinants framework
Geoffrey R Browne, Melanie T Davern, Billie Giles-Corti
OBJECTIVE: Victorian local governments are required to develop Municipal Public Health and Wellbeing Plans that incorporate state-..
Can neighborhood green space mitigate health inequalities? A study of socio-economic status and mental health
Takemi Sugiyama, Karen Villanueva, Matthew Knuiman, Jacinta Francis, Sarah Foster, Lisa Wood, Billie Giles-Corti
This study examined whether the association of psychological distress with area-level socio-economic status (SES) was moderated by..
Street network measures and adults' walking for transport: Application of space syntax
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Takemi Sugiyama, Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Villanueva, Hannah Badland, Billie Giles-Corti, Neville Owen
The street network underpins the walkability of local neighborhoods. We examined whether two street network measures (intersection..
Safe RESIDential Environments? A longitudinal analysis of the influence of crime-related safety on walking
Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Hayley Christian, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Numerous cross-sectional studies have investigated the premise that the perception of crime will cause residents to co..
Neighbourhood disadvantage and self-reported type 2 diabetes, heart disease and comorbidity: a cross-sectional multilevel study
Jerome N Rachele, Billie Giles-Corti, Gavin Turrell
PURPOSE: This study examines associations between neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and self-reported type 2 diabetes and he..
Built environment impacts on walking for transport in Brisbane, Australia
Md Kamruzzaman, Simon Washington, Douglas Baker, Wendy Brown, Billie Giles-Corti, Gavin Turrell
This study examines the association between urban form and walking for transport in Brisbane, Australia based on both panel and cr..
Can the Neighborhood Built Environment Make a Difference in Children's Development? Building the Research Agenda to Create Evidence for Place-Based Children's Policy
Karen Villanueva, Hannah Badand, Amanda Kvalsvig, Meredith O'Connor, Hayley Christian, Geoffrey Woocock, Billie Giles-Corti, Sharon Goldfeld
Healthy child development is determined by a combination of physical, social, family, individual, and environmental factors. Thus ..
Associations between individual socioeconomic position, neighbourhood disadvantage and transport mode: baseline results from the HABITAT multilevel study
Jerome N Rachele, Anne M Kavanagh, Hannah Badland, Billie Giles-Corti, Simon Washington, Gavin Turrell
BACKGROUND: Understanding how different socioeconomic indicators are associated with transport modes provide insight into which in..
Individual, Social, and Environmental Correlates of Healthy and Unhealthy Eating
Georgina SA Trapp, Siobhan Hickling, Hayley E Christian, Fiona Bull, Anna F Timperio, Bryan Boruff, Damber Shrestha, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Few studies use comprehensive ecological approaches considering multilevel factors to understand correlates of healthy..
Quality of Public Open Spaces and Recreational Walking
Takemi Sugiyama, Lucy D Gunn, Hayley Christian, Jacinta Francis, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Neville Owen, Billie Giles-Corti
OBJECTIVES: We examined associations between specific public open space (POS) attributes and recreational walking to local POS. ME..
Cycling for transport and recreation: Associations with the socio-economic, natural and built environment
Kristiann C Heesch, Billie Giles-Corti, Gavin Turrell
This study examined associations between objective environmental attributes and, separately, transport (TC) and recreational cycli..
The building blocks of a 'Liveable Neighbourhood': Identifying the key performance indicators for walking of an operational planning policy in Perth, Western Australia
Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Sarah Foster, Billie Giles-Corti
Planning policy makers are requesting clearer guidance on the key design features required to build neighbourhoods that promote ac..
Neighborhood Correlates of Sitting Time for Australian Adults in New Suburbs: Results From RESIDE
Sarah Foster, Gavin Pereira, Hayley Christian, Matthew Knuiman, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti
The neighborhood influences on walking are well recognized, yet less is known about how the environment impacts sedentary behavior..
Suspicious minds: Can features of the local neighbourhood ease parents' fears about stranger danger?
Sarah Foster, Lisa Wood, Jacinta Francis, Matthew Knuiman, Karen Villanueva, Billie Giles-Corti
Declines in children's independent mobility are frequently attributed to parents' fears about stranger danger, yet there is limite..
The development of policy-relevant transport indicators to monitor health behaviours and outcomes
Hannah Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Villanueva, Rebecca Roberts, Melanie Davern, Billie Giles-Corti
Evidence-based and replicable spatial indicators relevant to transport policy are needed to monitor pathways for health behaviours..
Are we developing walkable suburbs through urban planning policy? Identifying the mix of design requirements to optimise walking outcomes from the 'Liveable Neighbourhoods' planning policy in Perth, Western Australia
Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Fiona Bull, Evan Jones, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Planning policy makers and practitioners are requesting clearer guidance on the 'essential' ingredients as assessed by..
Public open space, physical activity, urban design and public health: Concepts, methods and research agenda
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Villanueva, Takemi Sugiyama, Hannah Badland, Andrew T Kaczynski, Neville Owen, Billie Giles-Corti
Public open spaces such as parks and green spaces are key built environment elements within neighbourhoods for encouraging a varie..
The influence of the neighborhood physical environment on early child health and development: A review and call for research
Hayley Christian, Stephen R Zubrick, Sarah Foster, Billie Giles-Corti, Fiona Bull, Lisa Wood, Matthew Knuiman, Sally Brinkman, Stephen Houghton, Bryan Boruff
This review examines evidence of the association between the neighborhood built environment, green spaces and outdoor home area, a..
Planning Healthy, Liveable and Sustainable Cities: How Can Indicators Inform Policy?
Melanie Lowe, Carolyn Whitzman, Hannah Badland, Melanie Davern, Lu Aye, Dominique Hes, Iain Butterworth, Billie Giles-Corti
Creating ‘liveable’ communities that are healthy and sustainable is an aspiration of policymakers in Australia and overseas. Indic..
Mismatch between Perceived and Objectively Measured Land Use Mix and Street Connectivity: Associations with Neighborhood Walking
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Hannah Badland, Takemi Sugiyama, Suzanne Mavoa, Hayley Christian, Billie Giles-Corti
Studies on the mismatch between objective and perceived measures of walkability and walking provide insights into targeting interv..
Associations between park features and adolescent park use for physical activity
Nicole Edwards, Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Sarah Foster, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Eighty per cent of adolescents globally do insufficient physical activity. Parks are a popular place for adolescents t..
Developing indicators of public open space to promote health and wellbeing in communities
Karen Villanueva, Hannah Badland, Paula Hooper, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Suzanne Mavoa, Melanie Davern, Rebecca Roberts, Sharon Goldfeld, Billie Giles-Corti
There is growing interest from policy-makers, practitioners, and academics alike in creating indicators of the built environment t..
Change in walking for transport: a longitudinal study of the influence of neighbourhood disadvantage and individual-level socioeconomic position in mid-aged adults
Gavin Turrell, Belinda Hewitt, Michele Haynes, Andrea Nathan, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Unlike leisure time physical activity, knowledge of the socioeconomic determinants of active transport is limited, res..
Developing a research and practice tool to measure walkability: a demonstration project
Billie Giles-Corti, Gus Macaulay, Nick Middleton, Bryan Boruff, Fiona Bull, Iain Butterworth, Hannah Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Rebecca Roberts, Hayley Christian
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Growing evidence shows that higher-density, mixed-use, pedestrian-friendly neighbourhoods encourage active transp..
Examining correlates of self-reported and objectively measured physical activity among retirement village residents
Andrea Nathan, Lisa Wood, Billie Giles-Corti
AIM: Physical activity (PA) patterns of retirement village residents were investigated using self-report and objective measures. M..
Dog walking is associated with more outdoor play and independent mobility for children
Hayley Christian, Georgina Trapp, Karen Villanueva, Stephen R Zubrick, Rachelle Koekemoer, Billie Giles-Corti
OBJECTIVE: Dog ownership is positively associated with children's physical activity. It is plausible that dog-facilitated activity..
Is Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis Common in Middle-Aged People With Chronic Patellofemoral Pain?
Rana S Hinman, Jonathan Lentzos, Bill Vicenzino, Kay M Crossley
OBJECTIVE: To document the prevalence of radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) in the medial and lateral patellofemoral (PF) joint comp..
Workplace Stress What Is the Role of Positive Mental Health?
Kathryn Page, Allison J Milner, Angela Martin, Gavin Turrell, Billie Giles-Corti, Anthony D LaMontagne
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether positive mental health (PMH)-a positively focused well-being construct-moderates the job stress-dist..
Does walkable neighbourhood design influence the association between objective crime and walking?
Sarah Foster, Matthew Knuiman, Karen Villanueva, Lisa Wood, Hayley Christian, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated associations between objectively measured crime and walking, and findings are mixed. One..
Cycling for transport and recreation: Associations with socio-economic position, environmental perceptions, and psychological disposition
Kristiann C Heesch, Billie Giles-Corti, Gavin Turrell
OBJECTIVE: Interest is growing in promoting utility cycling (i.e., for transport) as a means of incorporating daily physical activ..
Urban liveability: Emerging lessons from Australia for exploring the potential for indicators to measure the social determinants of health
Hannah Badland, Carolyn Whitzman, Melanie Lowe, Melanie Davern, Lu Aye, Iain Butterworth, Dominique Hes, Billie Giles-Corti
It has long been recognised that urban form impacts on health outcomes and their determinants. There is growing interest in creati..
Do changes in residents' fear of crime impact their walking? Longitudinal results from RESIDE
Sarah Foster, Matthew Knuiman, Paula Hooper, Hayley Christian, Billie Giles-Corti
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of fear of crime on walking for participants in a longitudinal study of residents in new subur..
Do low-income neighbourhoods have the least green space? A cross-sectional study of Australia's most populous cities
Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Suzanne Mavoa, Hannah M Badland, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: An inequitable distribution of parks and other 'green spaces' could exacerbate health inequalities if people on lower ..
Public transport access and availability in the RESIDE study: Is it taking us where we want to go?
Hannah Badland, Sharyn Hickey, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti
A disproportionate focus of research to date has focussed on public transport (PT) opportunities available within the residential ..
The impact of parents' fear of strangers and perceptions of informal social control on children's independent mobility
Sarah Foster, Karen Villanueva, Lisa Wood, Hayley Christian, Billie Giles-Corti
Declines in children's independent mobility are commonly attributed to parents' fear of strangers, yet few empirical studies have ..
Sedentary behaviour and health: mapping environmental and social contexts to underpin chronic disease prevention
Neville Owen, Jo Salmon, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Gavin Turrell, Billie Giles-Corti
The time that children and adults spend sedentary-put simply, doing too much sitting as distinct from doing too little physical ac..
Does the walkability of neighbourhoods affect children's independent mobility, independent of parental, socio-cultural and individual factors?
Karen Villanueva, Billie Giles-Corti, Max Bulsara, Georgina Trapp, Anna Timperio, Gavin McCormack, Kimberly Van Niel
The association between neighbourhood walkability and children's independent mobility using an ecological approach is relatively u..
The impact of neighborhood walkability on walking: Does it differ across adult life stage and does neighborhood buffer size matter?
Karen Villanueva, Matthew Knuiman, Andrea Nathan, Billie Giles-Corti, Hayley Christian, Sarah Foster, Fiona Bull
We explored the impact of neighborhood walkability on young adults, early-middle adults, middle-aged adults, and older adults' wal..
People living in hilly residential areas in metropolitan Perth have less diabetes: spurious association or important environmental determinant?
Karen Villanueva, Matthew Knuiman, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Sharyn Hickey, Sarah Foster, Hannah Badland, Andrea Nathan, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Variations in 'slope' (how steep or flat the ground is) may be good for health. As walking up hills is a physiological..
Using simple agent-based modeling to inform and enhance neighborhood walkability
Hannah Badland, Marcus White, Gus MacAulay, Serryn Eagleson, Suzanne Mavoa, Christopher Pettit, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Pedestrian-friendly neighborhoods with proximal destinations and services encourage walking and decrease car dependenc..
(Re)Designing the built environment to support physical activity: Bringing public health back into urban design and planning
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Hannah Badland, Billie Giles-Corti
While public health and urban planning fields worked closely to tackle communicable disease outbreaks in the 19th century, this co..
Planning safer suburbs: Do changes in the built environment influence residents' perceptions of crime risk?
Sarah Foster, Lisa Wood, Hayley Christian, Matthew Knuiman, Billie Giles-Corti
A growing body of evidence has reiterated the negative impacts that crime and perceptions of insecurity can have on the health and..
Socio-ecological predictors of the uptake of cycling for recreation and transport in adults: Results from the RESIDE study
Hannah Badland, Matthew Knuiman, Paula Hooper, Billie Giles-Corti
OBJECTIVE: To examine the uptake of cycling for recreation and transport, and relate these behaviors to individual, social, and en..
Understanding the relationship between dog ownership and children's physical activity and sedentary behaviour
H Christian, G Trapp, C Lauritsen, K Wright, B Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Dog ownership is a catalyst for physical activity in adults. Given 50-70% of Australian households with children have ..
Initiating and maintaining recreational walking: A longitudinal study on the influence of neighborhood green space
Takemi Sugiyama, Billie Giles-Corti, Jacqui Summers, Lorinne du Toit, Eva Leslie, Neville Owen
OBJECTIVE: This study examined prospective relationships of green space attributes with adults initiating or maintaining recreatio..
Neighborhood walkability and cardiometabolic risk factors in australian adults: an observational study
Falk Mueller-Riemenschneider, Gavin Pereira, Karen Villanueva, Hayley Christian, Matthew Knuiman, Billie Giles-Corti, Fiona C Bull
BACKGROUND: Studies repeatedly highlight associations between the built environment and physical activity, particularly walking. F..
Driving Down Daily Step Counts: The Impact of Being Driven to School on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior
Georgina Trapp, Billie Giles-Corti, Hayley Christian, Anna Timperio, Gavin McCormack, Max Bulsara, Karen Villanueva
This study investigated whether being driven to school was associated with lower weekday and weekend step counts, less active out-..
The association between neighborhood greenness and weight status: an observational study in Perth Western Australia
Gavin Pereira, Hayley Christian, Sarah Foster, Bryan J Boruff, Fiona Bull, Matthew Knuiman, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the relationship between weight status and objectively measured neighborhood greenness and n..
Measurement of children's physical activity using a pedometer with a built-in memory
Georgina SA Trapp, Billie Giles-Corti, Max Bulsara, Hayley E Christian, Anna F Timperio, Gavin R McCormack, Karen Villanueva
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the accuracy of the Accusplit AH120 pedometer (built-in memory) for recording step counts of children dur..
Development of a Public Open Space Desktop Auditing Tool (POSDAT): A remote sensing approach
Nicole Edwards, Paula Hooper, Georgina SA Trapp, Fiona Bull, Bryan Boruff, Billie Giles-Corti
Auditing public open space (POS) until now has generally relied on direct-observation methods that are time consuming and expensiv..
The impact of the built environment on health across the life course: design of a cross-sectional data linkage study
Karen Villanueva, Gavin Pereira, Matthew Knuiman, Fiona Bull, Lisa Wood, Hayley Christian, Sarah Foster, Bryan J Boruff, Bridget Beesley, Sharyn Hickey, Sarah Joyce, Andrea Nathan, Dick Saarloos, Billie Giles-Corti
INTRODUCTION: The built environment is increasingly recognised as being associated with health outcomes. Relationships between the..
Access to commercial destinations within the neighbourhood and walking among Australian older adults
Andrea Nathan, Gavin Pereira, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Dick Saarloos, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, particularly walking, is greatly beneficial to health; yet a sizeable proportion of older adults ar..
The association between sidewalk length and walking for different purposes in established neighborhoods
Gavin R McCormack, Alan Shiell, Billie Giles-Corti, Stephen Begg, J Lennert Veerman, Elizabeth Geelhoed, Anura Amarasinghe, JC Herb Emery
BACKGROUND: Walking in neighborhood environments is undertaken for different purposes including for transportation and leisure. We..
Taking Up Cycling After Residential Relocation Built Environment Factors
Marielle A Beenackers, Sarah Foster, Carlijn BM Kamphuis, Sylvia Titze, Mark Divitini, Matthew Knuiman, Frank J van Lenthe, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: To successfully stimulate cycling, it is necessary to understand the factors that facilitate or inhibit cycling. Littl..
How far do children travel from their homes? Exploring children's activity spaces in their neighborhood
Karen Villanueva, Billie Giles-Corti, Max Bulsara, Gavin R McCormack, Anna Timperio, Nick Middleton, Bridget Beesley, Georgina Trapp
This study explored children's activity spaces. In 2007, children aged 10-12 years (n=1480) completed a survey and mapping activit..
On your bike! a cross-sectional study of the individual, social and environmental correlates of cycling to school
Georgina SA Trapp, Billie Giles-Corti, Hayley E Christian, Max Bulsara, Anna F Timperio, Gavin R McCormack, Karen P Villaneuva
BACKGROUND: Active school transport (AST) has declined rapidly in recent decades. While many studies have examined walking, cyclin..
The influence of the built environment, social environment and health behaviors on body mass index. Results from RESIDE
Hayley Christian, Billie Giles-Corti, Matthew Knuiman, Anna Timperio, Sarah Foster
OBJECTIVE: To examine the individual, behavioral, social and built environment correlates of body mass index (BMI) in an Australia..
How important is the land use mix measure in understanding walking behaviour? Results from the RESIDE study
Hayley E Christian, Fiona C Bull, Nicholas J Middleton, Matthew W Knuiman, Mark L Divitini, Paula Hooper, Anura Amarasinghe, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Understanding the relationship between urban design and physical activity is a high priority. Different representation..