Journal article

Cultural Norm Fulfillment, Interpersonal Belonging, or Getting Ahead? A Large-Scale Cross-Cultural Test of Three Perspectives on the Function of Self-Esteem

Jochen E Gebauer, Constantine Sedikides, Jenny Wagner, Wiebke Bleidorn, Peter J Rentfrow, Jeff Potter, Samuel D Gosling

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology | AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC | Published : 2015

Abstract

What is the function of self-esteem? We classified relevant theoretical work into 3 perspectives. The cultural norm-fulfillment perspective regards self-esteem a result of adherence to cultural norms. The interpersonal-belonging perspective regards self-esteem as a sociometer of interpersonal belonging. The getting-ahead perspective regards self-esteem as a sociometer of getting ahead in the social world, while regarding low anxiety/neuroticism as a sociometer of getting along with others. The 3 perspectives make contrasting predictions on the relation between the Big Five personality traits and self-esteem across cultures. We tested these predictions in a self-report study (2,718,838 partic..

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