Journal article

Challenges and solutions for a rational vaccine design for TB-endemic regions

Uthaman Gowthaman, Khurram Mushtaq, Amabel C Tan, Pradeep K Rai, David C Jackson, Javed N Agrewala

Critical Reviews in Microbiology | TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2015

Abstract

Vaccines have been successful for global eradication or control of dreaded diseases such as smallpox, diphtheria, tetanus, yellow fever, whooping cough, polio, and measles. Unfortunately, this success has not been achieved for controlling tuberculosis (TB) worldwide. Bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) is the only available vaccine against TB. Paradoxically, BCG has deciphered success in the Western world but has failed in TB-endemic areas. In this article, we highlight and discuss the aspects of immunity responsible for controlling Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and factors responsible for the failure of BCG in TB-endemic countries. In addition, we also suggest strategies that contribute t..

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University of Melbourne Researchers