Journal article

Population-wide preventive interventions for reducing the burden of chronic respiratory disease

MJ Abramson, J Koplin, R Hoy, SC Dharmage

The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease | INT UNION AGAINST TUBERCULOSIS LUNG DISEASE (I U A T L D) | Published : 2015

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma impose a substantial burden of disease. This narrative review focuses on potential population-wide interventions that are likely to have an impact on these diseases. The developmental origins of adult disease commence in utero, with maternal nutrition being of particular interest. However, to date, trials of maternal allergen avoidance, dietary supplementation or probiotics have not shown consistent protective effects against asthma. Poor indoor air quality, especially from biomass fuels as well as second-hand tobacco smoke, is a well-recognised risk factor for chronic respiratory diseases. This can be modified by cleaner fuels, cooking stoves..

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