Effects of severe plastic deformation on grain refinement and martensitic transformation in a metastable beta Ti alloy
A Zafari, XS Wei, W Xu, K Xia
IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering | IOP PUBLISHING LTD | Published : 2015
A Ti-5553 metastable β alloy was subjected to high pressure torsion (HPT) to obtain a nano β grain structure. The β grains were dramatically refined from an initial size of ∼1 mm to < 50 nm during HPT. The stress induced martensitic α plates divided β grains into smaller domains and enabled subgrains to form even in very fine grains. The reverse α to β transformation occurred when the thickness of the α laths reached < ∼10 nm, leading to pure β nano-grains. Further deformation to an equivalent strain of 242 resulted in grain growth and the formation of well defined grain boundaries.