The precursor of Alzheimer's disease amyloid A4 protein resembles a cell-surface receptor.
J Kang, HG Lemaire, A Unterbeck, JM Salbaum, CL Masters, KH Grzeschik, G Multhaup, K Beyreuther, B Müller-Hill
Nature | Published : 1987
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by a widespread functional disturbance of the human brain. Fibrillar amyloid proteins are deposited inside neurons as neurofibrillary tangles and extracellularly as amyloid plaque cores and in blood vessels. The major protein subunit (A4) of the amyloid fibril of tangles, plaques and blood vessel deposits is an insoluble, highly aggregating small polypeptide of relative molecular mass 4,500. The same polypeptide is also deposited in the brains of aged individuals with trisomy 21 (Down's syndrome). We have argued previously that the A4 protein is of neuronal origin and is the cleavage product of a larger precursor protein. To identify this precursor, we ha..View full abstract