Journal article

Effects of the amyloid protein precursor of Alzheimer's disease and other ligands of the LDL receptor-related protein on neurite outgrowth from sympathetic neurons in culture

RB Postuma, RN Martins, R Cappai, K Beyreuther, CL Masters, DK Strickland, SS Mok, DH Small

FEBS Letters | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 1998

Abstract

The amyloid protein precursor (APP) of Alzheimer's disease can stimulate neurite outgrowth in vitro. The receptor responsible for this effect has not been identified. Kunitz protease inhibitor (KPI)-containing forms of APP bind to the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP). As LRP may regulate neurite outgrowth, we examined whether the effects of APP are mediated by LRP. Inhibitors of LRP decreased neurite outgrowth from chick sympathetic neurons. Most LRP ligands (alpha2-macroglobulin, lactoferrin, and lipoprotein lipase) stimulated outgrowth. However, in soluble form, the KPI-containing APP751 was a weak inhibitor of outgrowth. In substrate-bound form, both APP751 and APP69..

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