Malaria and anemia in antenatal women in Blantyre, Malawi: a twelve-month survey.
SJ Rogerson, NR Van den Broek, E Chaluluka, C Qongwane, CG Mhango, ME Molyneux
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | AMER SOC TROP MED & HYGIENE | Published : 2000
Malaria and anemia are common in pregnant African women. We screened 4,764 Malawian women at first antenatal visits for malaria and anemia. A total of 42.7% had a malaria infection, which was more common and of higher density in primigravidae (prevalence = 47.3%, geometric mean = 332 parasites/microl) and teenagers (49.8%, 390/microl) than in multigravidae (40.4%, 214/microl) or older women (40.6%, 227/microl). However, 35% of gravida 3+ women were parasitemic. A total of 57.2% of the women was anemic (hemoglobin < 11 g/dl), with moderate anemia (7.0-8.9 g/dl) in 14.9% and severe anemia (< 7 g/dl) in 3.2%. Prevalences of malaria and anemia were highest in the rainy season. Women with moderat..View full abstract