Meta-analysis of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and their effects on blood pressure.
Tai-Juan Aw, Steven Joseph Haas, Danny Liew, Henry Krum
JAMA Internal Medicine | Published : 2005
BACKGROUND: Nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely prescribed and are associated with blood pressure (BP) elevation. The development of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (coxibs) raises the issue of the magnitude of BP response compared with nonselective NSAIDs. We therefore performed a meta-analysis comparing the effects of coxibs with placebo, nonselective NSAIDs, and each other on BP elevation and hypertension. METHODS: Nineteen randomized controlled trials involving coxibs were published before May 2004, with a total of 45 451 participants in which BP data were available. The Cohen method statistically combined weighted mean difference (WMD). The Der Si..View full abstract