Glucocorticoids antagonize induction of prolactin-gene expression by calcitriol in rat pituitary tumour cells.
JD Wark, V Gurtler
Biochem J | Published : 1986
Clonal strains of rat pituitary tumour (GH4C1) cells are known to possess specific intracellular binding sites for calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3). GH4C1 cells respond to calcitriol by a selective increase in prolactin(PRL)-gene expression. The interaction between calcitriol and glucocorticoids was studied by using this cultured-cell model. It was found that cortisol potently antagonized the induction of PRL mRNA and PRL production by calcitriol. The effects were concentration-dependent and were evident at glucocorticoid concentrations that did not alter basal PRL production. Inhibition was half-maximal at 3.2 nM-cortisol and 0.4 nM-dexamethasone. Calcitr..View full abstract