Journal article

UNMET NEED FOR CONTRACEPTION AMONG HIV-POSITIVE WOMEN IN LESOTHO AND IMPLICATIONS FOR MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION

Timothy Adair

Journal of Biosocial Science | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2009

Abstract

In Lesotho, the risk of mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of HIV is substantial; women of childbearing age have a high HIV prevalence rate (26.4%), low knowledge of HIV status and a total fertility rate of 3.5 births per woman. An effective means of preventing MTCT is to reduce unwanted fertility. This paper examines the unmet need for contraception to limit and space births among HIV-positive women in Lesotho aged 15-49 years, using the 2004 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey. HIV-positive women have their need for contraception unmet in almost one-third of cases, and multivariate analysis reveals this unmet need is most likely amongst the poor and amongst those not approving of family..

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