Journal article

Do genetic factors explain associations between muscle strength, lean mass, and bone density? A twin study

E Seeman, JL Hopper, NR Young, C Formica, P Goss, C Tsalamandris

American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism | AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 1996

Abstract

Are the associations between muscle strength, lean mass, and bone mineral density (BMD) genetically determined? Based on within-pair differences in 56 monozygotic (MZ) and 56 dizygotic (DZ) female twin pairs, mean age 45 yr (range 24-67), BMD was associated with lean mass, independent of fat mass and height (P < 0.05). A 10% increment in femoral neck (FN) BMD was associated with a 15% increment in lean mass (approximately 6 kg). BMD was associated with muscle strength (measured in 35 pairs) before, but not after, adjusting for lean mass. Based on age-adjusted cross-sectional analyses, same-trait correlations (+/- SE) in MZ pairs were double those in DZ pairs: FN BMD (0.62 +/- 0.08, 0.33 +/- ..

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