High alcohol use a strong and significant risk factor for repetitive self-harm in female and male youth: a prospective cohort study
Alexandra LC Martiniuk, Huei-Yang Chen, Nick Glozier, George Patton, Teresa Senserrick, Ann Williamson, Mark Woodward, Rebecca Ivers
The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2015
BACKGROUND: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is reported by between 5 and 17% of youth aged 14-25 years. Current management measures focus on repetition prevention in high-risk groups. OBJECTIVES: To examine risk factors and predictors of DSH and DSH repetition in a community sample, by gender. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 20,822 young adults (aged 17-24 years) was recruited when obtaining their driving license. A random sample of 5000 was approached for follow-up 12-18 months; 2991 (60%) responded and formed the cohort for this analysis. Patterns of self-harm, using a modified Beck Suicide Inventory, were investigated with logistic regression. RESULTS: DSH was reported by 4.1% (123/2991) at b..View full abstract
The DRIVE Study was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia, Roads and Traffic Authority of New South Wales, NRMA Motoring and Services, NRMA Road Safety Trust, New South Wales Health and the Motor Accidents Authority of New South Wales. Alexandra Martiniuk, Rebecca Ivers, and Teresa Senserrick received salary funding from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia during the writing of this paper. Alexandra Martiniuk also received funding from a University of Sydney Fellowship. No funding agency had any role in the design, analysis or interpretation of the data. All authors had full access to all the data and take full responsibility for the integrity of this study and its analyses.