Journal article

Shear stress modulates endothelial KLF2 through activation of P2X4

R Sathanoori, F Rosi, BJ Gu, JS Wiley, CE Mueller, B Olde, D Erlinge

PURINERGIC SIGNALLING | SPRINGER | Published : 2015

Abstract

Vascular endothelial cells that are in direct contact with blood flow are exposed to fluid shear stress and regulate vascular homeostasis. Studies report endothelial cells to release ATP in response to shear stress that in turn modulates cellular functions via P2 receptors with P2X4 mediating shear stress-induced calcium signaling and vasodilation. A recent study shows that a loss-of-function polymorphism in the human P2X4 resulting in a Tyr315>Cys variant is associated with increased pulse pressure and impaired endothelial vasodilation. Although the importance of shear stress-induced Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) expression in atheroprotection is well studied, whether ATP regulates KLF2 rema..

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