Expression of P2X(7) purinoceptors on human lymphocytes and monocytes: evidence for nonfunctional P2X(7) receptors.
BJ Gu, WY Zhang, LJ Bendall, IP Chessell, GN Buell, JS Wiley
American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology | Published : 2000
Lymphocytes from normal subjects and patients with B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) show functional responses to extracellular ATP characteristic of the P2X(7) receptor (previously termed P2Z). These responses include opening of a cation-selective channel/pore that allows entry of the fluorescent dye ethidium and activation of a membrane metalloprotease that sheds the adhesion molecule L-selectin. The surface expression of P2X(7) receptors was measured in normal leucocytes, platelets, and B-CLL lymphocytes and correlated with their functional responses. Monocytes showed four- to fivefold greater expression of P2X(7) than B, T, and NK lymphocytes, whereas P2X(7) expression on neutrophil..View full abstract