Journal article

DETECTION OF ANTIGEN IN THE CELOMOCYTES OF THE EARTHWORM, EISENIA-FOETIDA (ANNELIDA)

M BILEJ, P ROSSMANN, T VANDENDRIESSCHE, JP SCHEERLINCK, P DEBAETSELIER, L TUCKOVA, V VETVICKA, J REJNEK

Immunology Letters | ELSEVIER | Published : 1991

Abstract

Earthworms, Eisenia foetida, are able to respond to antigenic stimulation by the formation of the antigen-binding molecules by coelomocytes--the effector cells of annelids' defence reactions. The ability to react with gold-labelled antigen was detected in agranular coelomocytes by electron microscopy. Furthermore, flow cytometry analysis used for quantitative evaluation of antigen binding showed significant increase of both antigen-binding cells and the amount of antigen bound per cell after stimulation. The antigen binding was inhibited by preincubation of cells with several similar proteins, although the most potent inhibitor was the immunizing antigen.