Evaluation of risk factors associated with clinical improvement and survival of horses with equine protozoal myeloencephalitis.
WJ Saville, PS Morley, SM Reed, DE Granstrom, CW Kohn, KW Hinchcliff, TE Wittum
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association | Published : 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors for use in predicting clinical improvement and survival of horses with equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). DESIGN: Longitudinal epidemiologic study. ANIMALS: 251 horses with EPM. PROCEDURE: Between 1992 and 1995, 251 horses with EPM were admitted to our facility. A diagnosis of EPM was made on the basis of neurologic abnormalities and detection of antibody to Sarcocystis neurona or S neurona DNA in CSF. Data were obtained from hospital records and through telephone follow-up interviews. Factors associated with clinical improvement and survival were analyzed, using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: The likelihood of clinical improvement a..View full abstract