Characterization of infectious bursal disease virus isolates from Indonesia indicates the existence of very virulent strains with unique genetic changes.
LH Parede, S Sapats, G Gould, M Rudd, S Lowther, J Ignjatovic
Avian Pathology | Published : 2003
Sequencing of the hypervariable region of viral protein VP2 of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) isolates obtained from non-vaccinated chickens in Indonesia showed that the majority (16/17) were closely related to published very virulent (vv)IBDV strains. Four isolates contained identical amino acid sequences to Asian and European vvIBDVs, sharing vv-specific amino acid residues 222(Ala), 256(Ile), and 294(Ile). Eight isolates differed by one amino acid at position 222(Ala-->Ser); however, this change did not alter the pathogenicity or antigenicity of these strains. Two isolates, with amino acid substitutions at positions 272(Ile-->Thr) and 279(Asp-->Asn), did not cause clinical disease..View full abstract