Journal article

Dark matter at the LHC: Effective field theories and gauge invariance

Nicole F Bell, Yi Cai, James B Dent, Rebecca K Leane, Thomas J Weiler

Physical Review D | AMER PHYSICAL SOC | Published : 2015


Effective field theory (EFT) formulations of dark matter interactions are a convenient and popular way to quantify LHC bounds on dark matter. However, some EFT operators considered do not respect the weak gauge symmetries of the Standard Model. These operators break down at the electroweak scale, rather than the energy scale of new physics, and are invalid at LHC energies. We carefully discuss the circumstances in which such operators can arise and use the mono-W process to illustrate potential issues in their interpretation and application. We also discuss a simple UV complete model that avoids such difficulties.

University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Department of Energy

Funding Acknowledgements

N.F.B. and Y.C. were supported by the Australian Research Council, R.K.L. by the Commonwealth of Australia, and T.J.W. by Department of Energy Grant No. DE-SC0010504.