Journal article

Deconvoluting effects of vine and soil properties on grape berry composition

Ayalsew Zerihun, Lexie McClymont, Dean Lanyon, Ian Goodwin, Mark Gibberd

Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | WILEY | Published : 2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Grape berry composition is influenced by several factors including grapevine and soil properties and their interactions. Understanding how these factors interact to determine berry composition is integral to producing berries with desired composition. Here we used extensive spatio-temporal data to identify significant vine and soil features that influence Shiraz berry composition. RESULTS: The concentrations of berry flavonoids (anthocyanins, tannin and total phenolics), total soluble solids and pH were typically negatively associated with canopy, crop and berry size factors whereas titratable acidity was positively associated. The strengths of the associations, however, were gen..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian Grape and Wine Research and Development Corporation


Funding Acknowledgements

We thank vineyard owners for supporting the research by allowing their vineyards to be used for this study. We also thank D. Kelly, M. Mazza, N. Baker, J. Hornbuckle, D. Smith, D. Mowat, A. Simson, W. Sessions and J. Kirby for technical assistance and data collection. The manuscript benefited from comments of three anonymous reviewers. This work was supported by the Australian Grape and Wine Research and Development Corporation (grant number DPI04/04).