Journal article

The role of the renal afferent and efferent nerve fibers in heart failure

Lindsea C Booth, Clive N May, Song T Yao

FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY | FRONTIERS MEDIA SA | Published : 2015

Abstract

Renal nerves contain afferent, sensory and efferent, sympathetic nerve fibers. In heart failure (HF) there is an increase in renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), which can lead to renal vasoconstriction, increased renin release and sodium retention. These changes are thought to contribute to renal dysfunction, which is predictive of poor outcome in patients with HF. In contrast, the role of the renal afferent nerves remains largely unexplored in HF. This is somewhat surprising as there are multiple triggers in HF that have the potential to increase afferent nerve activity, including increased venous pressure and reduced kidney perfusion. Some of the few studies investigating renal affere..

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