Amyloid-Related Memory Decline in Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease Is Dependent on APOE epsilon 4 and Is Detectable over 18-Months
Christine Thai, Yen Ying Lim, Victor L Villemagne, Simon M Laws, David Ames, Kathryn A Ellis, Stephanie R Rainey-Smith, Ralph N Martins, Colin L Masters, Christopher C Rowe, Paul Maruff
PLOS ONE | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2015
High levels of β-amyloid (Aβ) in the brain and carriage of the APOE ε4 allele have each been linked to cognitive impairment in cognitively normal (CN) older adults. However, the relationship between these two biomarkers and cognitive decline is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cerebral Aβ level, APOE ε4 carrier status, and cognitive decline over 18 months, in 317 cognitively healthy (CN) older adults (47.6% males, 52.4% females) aged between 60 and 89 years (Mean = 69.9, SD = 6.8). Cognition was assessed using the Cogstate Brief Battery (CBB) and the California Verbal Learning Test, Second Edition (CVLT-II). Planned comparisons indicated that CN olde..View full abstract
Funding for the study was provided in part by the study partners [Commonwealth Scientific Industrial and Research Organization (CSIRO), Edith Cowan University (ECU), Mental Health Research institute (MHRI), National Ageing Research Institute (NARI), Austin Health, CogState Ltd.]. The study also received support from the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) and the Dementia Collaborative Research Centres program (DCRC2), as well as funding from the Science and Industry Endowment Fund (SIEF) and the Cooperative Research Centre for Mental Health (CRCMH). The funders of this study provided support in the form of salaries for Dr. Victor Villemagne, Dr. Simon Laws, Dr. David Ames, Dr. Kathryn Ellis, Dr. Ralph Martins, Dr. Colin Masters, Dr. Christopher Rowe, and Dr. Paul Maruff, but did not have any additional role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The specific roles of each author are articulated in the 'authors contributions' section.