Manipulating beams of ultra-cold atoms with a static magnetic field
WJ Rowlands, DC Lau, GI Opat, AI Sidorov, RJ McLean, P Hannaford
Australian Journal of Physics | Published : 1996
We report preliminary results on the deflection of a beam of ultra-cold atoms by a static magnetic field. Caesium atoms trapped in a magneto-optical trap (MOT) are cooled using optical molasses, and then fall freely under gravity to form a beam of ultra-cold atoms. The atoms pass through a static inhomogeneous magnetic field produced by a single current-carrying wire, and are deflected by a force ▽(µB) dependent on the magnetic substate of the atom. The population of atoms in various magnetic substates can be altered by using resonant laser radiation to optically pump the atoms.