Interventions to reduce suicides at suicide hotspots: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Jane Pirkis, Lay San Too, Matthew J Spittal, Karolina Krysinska, Jo Robinson, Yee Tak Derek Cheung
LANCET PSYCHIATRY | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2015
BACKGROUND: Various interventions have been introduced to try to prevent suicides at suicide hotspots, but evidence of their effectiveness needs to be strengthened. METHODS: We did a systematic search of Medline, PsycINFO, and Scopus for studies of interventions, delivered in combination with others or in isolation, to prevent suicide at suicide hotspots. We did a meta-analysis to assess the effect of interventions that restrict access to means, encourage help-seeking, or increase the likelihood of intervention by a third party. FINDINGS: We identified 23 articles representing 18 unique studies. After we removed one outlier, interventions that restricted access to means were associated with ..View full abstract
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JP and JR are funded through fellowships from the National Health and Medical Research Council. This meta-analysis was part of a project funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the National Health and Medical Research Council or the Commonwealth Department of Health.