Journal article

ATTACHMENT OF ESCHERICHIA-COLI-BEARING K88-ANTIGEN TO EQUINE BRUSH-BORDER MEMBRANES

S TZIPORI, M WITHERS, J HAYES, R ROBINSBROWNE, KL WARD

VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 1984

Abstract

Equine small intestinal brush-border membranes, from 40 adult horses were tested in vitro for the presence of receptors for the Escherichia coli adhesive antigens K88ab, K88ac and K99. Only K88-positive strains of E. coli adhered strongly to horse brush-border membranes. In contrast, a K88-negative mutant strain J2, 2 K99-positive strains and 3 E. coli strains isolated from foals failed to adhere to horse brush-border membranes. Purified K88ac pili when reacted with equine brush-border membranes inhibited to a great extent the adhesion of K88-positive E. coli. Similarly, K88-positive E. coli previously reacted with K88 antibody, did not attach to equine brush-border membranes. Oral inoculati..

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