Journal article

Enhancing the panic escape of crowd through architectural design

Nirajan Shiwakoti, Majid Sarvi

TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART C-EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2013

Abstract

Doors and corridors are necessary architectural elements in public infrastructure such as transit stations, buildings and stadiums. Previous documented crowd disasters have showed that collective movement patterns are affected by the layout or the geometrical structure of the escape area. However, little study has been carried out to examine these interactions under panic situation due to scarcity of data on human panic. Here, we use bio-inspired approach to test if making appropriate architectural adjustments within a given escape area would change the collective movement patterns in a way that enhances the outflow of the crowd. First, we performed a series of experiment with ants under pan..

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University of Melbourne Researchers