Consequence of Turning Movements in Pedestrian Crowds During Emergency Egress
Nirajan Shiwakoti, Majid Sarvi, Geoff Rose, Martin Burd
Transportation Research Record Journal of the Transportation Research Board | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2011
Collective egress comes into play during emergencies such as natural disasters or terrorist attacks, when rapid egress is essential for escape. An important aspect of collective egress under emergency conditions is the turning movement when a sudden change in the direction or the layout of the escape area occurs. Previous case studies of crowd disasters have highlighted the importance of such turning movements; however, both qualitative and quantitative studies seldom address this phenomenon specifically for emergency and panic situations. The paucity of complementary data on human panic presents a considerable challenge to undertaking quantitative analysis. The study described in this paper..View full abstract
The authors would like to thank the Monash Research Graduate School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, for providing a postgraduate scholarship and a postgraduate publication award for the study.