Journal article

Dramatic rise in plasma viremia after CD8( ) T cell depletion in simian immunodeficiency virus-infected macaques

X Jin, DE Bauer, SE Tuttleton, S Lewin, A Gettie, J Blanchard, CE Irwin, JT Safrit, J Mittler, L Weinberger, LG Kostrikis, LQ Zhang, AS Perelson, DD Ho

JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE | ROCKEFELLER UNIV PRESS | Published : 1999

Abstract

To determine the role of CD8(+) T cells in controlling simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) replication in vivo, we examined the effect of depleting this cell population using an anti-CD8 monoclonal antibody, OKT8F. There was on average a 99.9% reduction of CD8 cells in peripheral blood in six infected Macaca mulatta treated with OKT8F. The apparent CD8 depletion started 1 h after antibody administration, and low CD8 levels were maintained until day 8. An increase in plasma viremia of one to three orders of magnitude was observed in five of the six macaques. The injection of a control antibody to an infected macaque did not induce a sustained viral load increase, nor did it significantly redu..

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University of Melbourne Researchers