Journal article

Prolonged use of tenofovir in HIV/hepatitis B virus (HBV)-coinfected individuals does not lead to HBV polymerase mutations and is associated with persistence of lamivudine HBV polymerase mutations

J Audsley, N Arrifin, LKW Yuen, A Ayres, SM Crowe, A Bartholomeusz, SA Locarnini, A Mijch, SR Lewin, J Sasadeusz

HIV Medicine | WILEY | Published : 2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to identify and characterize hepatitis B virus (HBV) polymerase gene mutations associated with ongoing HBV replication in HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals receiving tenofovir (TDF). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study identified 28 HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals who had received TDF for at least 3 months. All patients had samples available while receiving TDF (on-TDF), and 24 also had samples available prior to treatment (pre-TDF). Case records were reviewed to obtain clinical and virological data at the times of sampling (+/-3 months). The HBV DNA of all samples was amplified using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the polymerase region of..

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