Variable uptake of recommended interventions to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Australia, 1982-2005
Michelle L Giles, Ann M McDonald, Elizabeth J Elliott, John B Ziegler, Margaret E Hellard, Sharon R Lewin, John M Kaldor
The Medical Journal of Australia | AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD | Published : 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the uptake of interventions known to reduce the risk of perinatal HIV transmission among Australian women with HIV infection (who knew their HIV status before delivery), and identify predictors of uptake. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of perinatal HIV surveillance data in Australia. PATIENTS: Women reported as having HIV infection and having given birth to a child (1982-2005) were identified through three mechanisms: an informal network of clinicians (1982-1993); an active surveillance program through paediatricians (since 1993); and state health department reports of children born to women newly diagnosed with HIV (since 1995). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Uptake of interve..View full abstract
Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council [NHMRC]
The activities of the APSU are supported by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (National Health and Medical Research Council [NHMRC] Enabling Grant No. 402784 and NHMRC Practitioner Fellowship No. 457084 [Elizabeth Elliott]); Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Sydney; and the Royal Australasian College of Physicians.The National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research (NCHECR) is funded by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, and is affiliated with the Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales. The NCHECR Surveillance Program is a collaborating unit of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. its work is overseen by the Ministerial Advisory Committee on AIDS, Sexual Health and Hepatitis.Michelle Giles is an NHMRC Postgraduate Fellow, Sharon Lewin is an NHMRC Practitioner Fellow, and Margaret Hellard is an NHMRC Career Development Fellow and Senior VicHealth Fellow.