Journal article

Motivational orientations and psychiatric stigma: Social motives influence how causal explanations relate to stigmatizing attitudes

Erlend P Kvaale, Nick Haslam

Personality and Individual Differences | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

It has been hoped that disseminating biological and genetic (biogenetic) explanations for mental disorders would reduce the tendency to stigmatize affected people. However, biogenetic explanations convey both stigmatizing and destigmatizing meanings (reducing blame but inducing perceived dangerousness and pessimism). This ambiguity may allow motivational factors to influence how individuals make sense of biogenetic explanations. In this research, we aimed: (1) to shed light on the motives that underpin stigmatizing attitudes, and (2) to investigate if these motives also predict how people interpret biogenetic explanations. In Study 1 (N= 177), we found that motivations to compete for group d..

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