Journal article

Pharmacological principles of antibiotic prescription in the critically ill

M Pinder, R Bellomo, J Lipman

Anaesthesia and Intensive Care | AUSTRALIAN SOC ANAESTHETISTS | Published : 2002


The goal of antimicrobial prescription is to achieve effective drug concentrations. Standard antimicrobial dosing regimens are based on research performed often decades ago and for the most part with patients who were not critically ill. More recent insights into antibiotic activity (e.g. the importance of high peak/MIC ratios for aminoglycosides and time above MIC for beta-lactam antibiotics), drug pharmacokinetics (e.g. increased volume of distribution and altered clearances) and the pathogenesis of sepsis (e.g. third space losses and altered creatinine clearances) have made re-evaluation of dosing regimens necessary for the critically ill. The inflammatory response associated with sepsis ..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers