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Continuous renal replacement in critical illness

Claudio Ronco, Dinna Cruz, Rinaldo Bellomo

Contributions to Nephrology | KARGER | Published : 2007

Abstract

Acute renal failure in the intensive care unit is usually part of the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, and the complexity of illness in patients with this complication has risen in recent years. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was introduced in the late 1970s and early 1980s to compensate for the inadequacies of conventional intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) in the treatment of these patients. IHD was considered aggressive and unphysiological, often resulting in hemodynamic intolerance and limited efficiency. Although CRRT has been shown to be physiologically superior with respect to IHD in both observational and randomized studies, it is not clear whether this physiological su..

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University of Melbourne Researchers