Journal article

Homocystinuria presenting as psychosis in an adolescent

MM Ryan, RK Sidhu, J Alexander, IT Megerian

Journal of Child Neurology | B C DECKER INC | Published : 2002


Homocystinuria usually presents with ectopia lentis, mental retardation, thromboembolic complications, and skeletal abnormalities. Whereas neuropsychiatric abnormalities are often recognized in untreated homocystinuria, initial presentation with acute psychosis has only rarely been reported. We describe a previously well 17-year-old adolescent with an acute psychosis characterized by auditory and visual hallucinations and marked paranoia who was found to have pyridoxine-responsive homocystinuria. His mental state normalized within several weeks of inception of pyridoxine and antipsychotic therapy. Pyridoxine-responsive homocystinuria is commonly missed on neonatal screens and should be recog..

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