Journal article

Comorbidity of atrial fibrillation and heart failure

Liang-Han Ling, Peter M Kistler, Jonathan M Kalman, Richard J Schilling, Ross J Hunter

NATURE REVIEWS CARDIOLOGY | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2016

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) are evolving epidemics, together responsible for substantial human suffering and health-care expenditure. Ageing, improved cardiovascular survival, and epidemiological transition form the basis for their increasing global prevalence. Although we now have a clear picture of how HF promotes AF, gaps remain in our knowledge of how AF exacerbates or even causes HF, and how the development of HF affects the outcome of patients with AF. New data regarding HF with preserved ejection fraction and its unique relationship with AF suggest a possible role for AF in its aetiology, possibly as a trigger for ventricular fibrosis. Deciding on optimal treatment..

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