Journal article

Can the Neighborhood Built Environment Make a Difference in Children's Development? Building the Research Agenda to Create Evidence for Place-Based Children's Policy

Karen Villanueva, Hannah Badand, Amanda Kvalsvig, Meredith O'Connor, Hayley Christian, Geoffrey Woocock, Billie Giles-Corti, Sharon Goldfeld

ACADEMIC PEDIATRICS | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2016

Abstract

Healthy child development is determined by a combination of physical, social, family, individual, and environmental factors. Thus far, the majority of child development research has focused on the influence of individual, family, and school environments and has largely ignored the neighborhood context despite the increasing policy interest. Yet given that neighborhoods are the locations where children spend large periods of time outside of home and school, it is plausible the physical design of neighborhoods (built environment), including access to local amenities, can affect child development. The relatively few studies exploring this relationship support associations between child developm..

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