Ocular Measures of Sleepiness Are Increased in Night Shift Workers Undergoing a Simulated Night Shift Near the Peak Time of the 6-Sulfatoxymelatonin Rhythm
Suzanne Ftouni, Tracey L Sletten, Christian L Nicholas, David J Kennaway, Steven W Lockley, Shantha MW Rajaratnam
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine | AMER ACAD SLEEP MEDICINE | Published : 2015
Awarded by NHMRC project
This was not an industry supported study. This research was supported by NHMRC project grant (#545871). Dr. Lockley has received consulting fees from Blackrock; Cowen & Co; Endurant Capital Management; Far West Capital Management; Fidelity; Frankel Group; Impax Laboratories; Kearney Venture Partners; Lazard Capital Markets; Naturebright; New Horizon Capital; Perceptive Advisors; Polar Capital; ResearchWorks Inc.; Thomas Jefferson University; Wyvern Funds; and has current consulting contracts with Carbon Limiting Technologies Ltd; Environmental Light Sciences, LLC; Headwaters Inc.; PlanLED; Delos Living LLC; Pegasus Capital Advisors LP; Wyle Integrated Science and Engineering; has received unrestricted equipment gifts from Bioilluminations LLC; Bionetics Corporation; and Philips Lighting; a fellowship gift from Optalert, Pty Ltd; advance author payment and royalties from Oxford University Press; payment for editing a textbook section from Elsevier; honoraria from the National Sleep Foundation; and for an article in the Wall Street Journal; honoraria plus travel, accommodation or meals for invited seminars, conference presentations or teaching from Brookline Adult Education; Brown University; Estee Lauder (2013-2014); Harvard University (CME); MediCom Worldwide, Inc.(CME); travel, accommodation and/or meals only (no honoraria) for invited seminars, conference presentations or teaching from 8th International Conference on Managing Fatigue; 14th Annual Tennessee Perfusion Conference; Cantifix; Connecticut Business & Industry Association Health and Safety Conference; Emergency Services Steering Committee; Harvard University; Hintsa Performance AG; Illuminating Engineering Society; Massachusetts General Hospital; Midwest Lighting Institute; New England College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine; Ontario Association of Fire Chiefs; Rio Tinto; UMass Memorial; University of Manchester; University of Texas Medical Branch; Woolcock Institute of Medical Research; ongoing investigator-initiated research grants from Biological Illuminations LLC; Respironics Inc.; and Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc.; completed service agreements with Rio Tinto Iron Ore and Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc.; two completed and one ongoing sponsor-initiated clinical research contracts with Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc. Dr. Lockley also holds a process patent for the use of short-wavelength light for resetting the human circadian pacemaker and improving alertness and performance which is assigned to the Brigham and Women's Hospital per Hospital policy and has received revenue from a patent on the use of short-wavelength light, which is assigned to the University of Surrey. Dr. Lockley has also served as a paid expert witness on behalf of 8 public bodies and one union for arbitration and cases related to sleep, circadian rhythms, and work hours. Dr. Lockley also serves as a Theme Leader in the Cooperative Research Centre for Alertness, Safety and Productivity. Dr. Rajaratnam has served as a consultant through his institution to Vanda Pharmaceuticals, Philips Respironics, EdanSafe, The Australian Workers' Union, National Transport Commission, and Transport Accident Commission, and has through his institution received research grants and/or unrestricted educational grants from Vanda Pharmaceuticals, Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Philips Lighting, Philips Respironics, Cephalon, and ResMed Foundation, and reimbursements for conference travel expenses from Vanda Pharmaceuticals.His institution has received equipment donations or other support from Optalert, Compumedics, and Tyco Healthcare. He has also served as an expert witness and/or consultant to shift work organizations. Dr. Rajaratnam also serves as a Program Leader in the Cooperative Research Centre for Alertness, Safety and Productivity. Drs. Ftouni and Sletten serve as a Project Leaders in the Cooperative Research Centre for Alertness, Safety and Productivity. The other authors have indicated no financial conflicts of interest. All work was performed at the Sleep and Circadian Medicine Laboratory, Monash University, Australia.