Journal article

Dependence of cruciate-ligament loading on muscle forces and external load

MG Pandy, KB Shelburne

JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 1997

Abstract

A sagittal-plane model of the knee is used to predict and explain the relationships between the forces developed by the muscles, the external loads applied to the leg, and the forces induced in the cruciate ligaments during isometric exercises. The geometry of the model bones is adapted from cadaver data. Eleven elastic elements describe the geometric and mechanical properties of the cruciate ligaments, the collateral ligaments, and the posterior capsule. The model is actuated by 11 musculotendinous units, each unit represented as a three-element muscle in series with tendon. For isolated contractions of the quadriceps, ACL force increases as quadriceps force increases for all flexion angles..

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University of Melbourne Researchers