Journal article

NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE INHIBITOR, NITRO-IMINOETHYL-L-ORNITHINE, REDUCES ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION INJURY IN RABBIT SKELETAL-MUSCLE

LH PHAN, MJ HICKEY, ZBM NIAZI, AG STEWART

MICROSURGERY | WILEY-LISS | Published : 1994

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO), originally identified as the mediator of endothelial-dependent relaxation of vascular smooth muscle, is now known to also have cytotoxic effects under certain conditions. Thus, we have investigated the effects of inhibition of NO synthesis on ischemia/reperfusion injury in the rabbit rectus femoris muscle. Three and a half hours of ischemia and 24 hours of reperfusion resulted in a 56% loss of viability. In muscles receiving an infusion of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, L-NIO (30 microM), the loss of viability was reduced to 15%. Post-ischemic blood flow was increased in muscles receiving a saline infusion, whereas there was a marked decrease in blood flow for at lea..

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