Voluntary and involuntary resettlement in China: a false dichotomy?
Brooke Wilmsen, Mark Wang
DEVELOPMENT IN PRACTICE | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2015
The success of involuntary resettlement is contingent on recasting the involuntary as voluntary. To explore this proposition, this article presents two projects in China – one “voluntary” (Poverty Alleviation Resettlement or PAR) and relatively “successful” and one “involuntary” (Three Gorges Project Resettlement or TGPR) and less so. The research finds the voluntary–involuntary dichotomy a false one. It is not volition that leads to better outcomes, but people-centred practices that are embedded in policy, planning, and implementation of PAR. Perhaps the most important lesson drawn is that all resettlements should be based on a commitment to settlement and not just resettlement.
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Awarded by Australian Research Council
This work was partially supported by the Australian Research Council [DE120101037] and [DP0880244].