Journal article

Short term inhibitory effect of somatostatin on gastric histamine synthesis

F Hollande, A Choquet, JP Bali, R Magous



In this study we investigated the short-term effect of somatostatin on histamine synthesis in a cell population isolated from rabbit gastric mucosa and enriched in enterochromaffin-like cells. Somatostatin inhibited basal and gastrin-stimulated histamine synthesis through a dual mechanism involving a decrease in the affinity of histidine decarboxylase (HDC) for its substrate (L-histidine) and a reduction in the number of functional HDC molecules. H-89 (an inhibitor of cAMP-dependent protein kinase) mimicked somatostatin-induced reduction of HDC affinity, which, on the contrary, was selectively reversed by pertussis toxin (PTX). Furthermore, forskolin was shown to reverse the inhibitory effec..

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University of Melbourne Researchers